Table 2

Total energy, macro, micro-nutrient intake by group at baseline, mid-intervention, and post-intervention by group (mean, SD)
Intervention Control
Baseline Mid-intervention Post-intervention Baseline Mid-intervention Post-intervention
Number of participants 34 33 32 37 36 35
Number of recalls 63 64 61 69 68 67
Energy 1528.65 1571.88* 1525.56 1408.78 1401.13 1385.60
(kcal) (369.14) (412.71) (382.65) (493.38) (409.46) (376.02)
Total fat 56.22 54.49 56.93 51.60 50.81 50.09
(g) (18.42) (22.50) (17.13) (19.99) (15.95) (18.54)
Total carbohydrate (g) 205.00 215.23* 196.62 187.81 187.85 185.36
(58.92) (55.88) (57.28) (69.65) (63.48) (53.55)
Total protein 56.32 61.72* 60.21* 52.84 52.62 51.74
(g) (14.16) (19.67) (19.99) (19.60) (19.67) (17.19)
Cholesterol 146.46 163.07 186.38* 136.86 142.25 137.91
(mg) (72.93) (148.65) (128.84) (70.16) (72.34) (83.26)
Total saturated fatty acids (SFA) (g) 19.55 19.23 20.15 19.23 17.93 18.20
(6.90) (9.15) (6.86) (8.29) (6.39) (8.24)
Total dietary 12.03* 14.58*† 11.06 10.10 9.99 10.00
Fiber (g) (4.39) (5.06) (4.73) (4.42) (4.02) (11.06)
Soluble dietary 4.37 4.88* 4.13 3.44 3.23 3.62
Fiber (g) (3.03) (2.16) (2.22) (2.17) (1.19) (1.75)
Insoluble dietary fiber (g) 7.61 9.63*† 6.87 6.65 6.70 6.29
(2.50) (3.21) (3.26) (2.89) (3.11) (2.86)
Fiber density 8.00* 9.49*† 7.32 7.09 7.11 7.19
(g/1000 kcals) (2.53) (2.80) (2.96) (1.79) (2.18) (2.55)
Calcium 848.32 953.13 907.97 868.46 829.47 771.33
(mg) (340.05) (398.33) (336.79) (378.11) (383.04) (353.85)
% calories from fat 32.20 29.68† 32.98 31.90 32.04 31.47
(6.82) (6.95) (6.31) (4.75) (5.31) (6.02)
% calories from carbohydrate 52.62 54.41 50.77 52.79 52.39 53.33
(7.50) (8.32) (7.43) (6.65) (6.40) (7.76)
% calories from protein 15.22 15.94 16.28 15.37 15.62 15.23
(3.56) (3.33) (3.93) (3.63) (4.14) (3.44)
Added sugars 59.47 61.40 53.48 53.29 57.27 50.59
(g) (30.84) (37.90) (30.55) (30.26) (34.80) (28.62)

*Intervention greater than control (p < 0.05).

Significant from baseline (p < 0.05).

Brauchla et al.

Brauchla et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:153   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-153

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