Table 2

Dietary intakes and plasma AC and AA according to dietary pattern score
Low Prudent (≤0) (n = 20) High Prudent (>0) (n = 17) P-value1 Low Western (≤0) (n = 16) High Western (>0) (n = 21) P-value1
Dietary intakes
Carbohydrate (%) 49.38 ± 5.99 50.48 ± 6.37 0.35 51.91 ± 7.21 48.35 ± 4.73 0.35
Protein (%) 17.14 ± 2.78 18.46 ± 2.26 0.20 18.20 ± 2.66 17.40 ± 2.58 0.43
Total fat (%) 32.57 ± 6.15 31.93 ± 4.19 0.56 30.52 ± 5.89 33.61 ± 4.45 0.29
Saturated fat (%) 11.41 ± 1.83 9.55 ± 2.11 0.004 9.11 ± 2.08 11.65 ± 1.47 0.0006
Monounsaturated fat (%) 13.24 ± 3.06 13.48 ± 2.04 0.92 12.83 ± 2.98 13.75 ± 2.28 0.81
Polyunsaturated fat (%) 5.30 ± 1.53 6.24 ± 1.30 0.07 5.97 ± 1.57 5.55 ± 1.44 0.17
Cholesterol (mg) 329.88 ± 167.61 357.86 ± 188.90 0.84 263.76 ± 167.15 402.92 ± 160.78 0.07
Total fiber (g) 19.38 ± 4.83 30.43 ± 7.03 <0.0001 25.71 ± 7.53 23.51 ± 8.54 0.31
Acylcarnitines (ACs)
C0 25.16 ± 5.07 27.50 ± 7.09 0.24 23.78 ± 6.73 28.10 ± 4.97 0.24
C2 5.55 ± 1.36 5.20 ± 1.55 0.57 5.33 ± 1.48 5.44 ± 1.44 0.76
C3 0.36 ± 0.14 0.29 ± 0.10 0.04 0.30 ± 0.12 0.34 ± 0.13 0.95
C4 0.18 ± 0.06 0.16 ± 0.07 0.44 0.16 ± 0.08 0.18 ± 0.05 0.46
C4:1-DC/C6 0.05 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.02 0.08 0.05 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.02 0.39
C5 0.11 ± 0.04 0.11 ± 0.03 0.64 0.10 ± 0.03 0.12 ± 0.04 0.39
C5-DC/C6-OH 0.01 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.01 0.01 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.00 0.62
C8:1 0.14 ± 0.08 0.12 ± 0.06 0.63 0.12 ± 0.08 0.13 ± 0.07 0.83
C10 0.16 ± 0.07 0.22 ± 0.13 0.07 0.17 ± 0.09 0.20 ± 0.11 0.47
C10:2 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.11 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.12
C12 0.06 ± 0.03 0.08 ± 0.03 0.06 0.06 ± 0.03 0.08 ± 0.03 0.31
C14:1 0.17 ± 0.03 0.21 ± 0.09 <0.05 0.19 ± 0.08 0.19 ± 0.07 0.95
C14:1-OH 0.01 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.01 0.54 0.01 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.01 0.41
C14:2 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.02 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.89
C14:2-OH 0.01 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.01 0.19 0.01 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.00 0.63
C16 0.08 ± 0.02 0.08 ± 0.04 0.37 0.07 ± 0.03 0.08 ± 0.03 0.45
C16:2 0.01 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.01 0.19 0.01 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.01 0.65
C18:2 0.04 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.01 0.002 0.04 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 0.42
Amino acids
xleucine 183.95 ± 46.81 161.29 ± 26.70 0.03 152.94 ± 21.48 189.24 ± 44.08 0.03
Methionine 28.37 ± 5.14 26.54 ± 4.32 0.05 24.25 ± 4.23 30.02 ± 3.60 0.0004
Arginine 99.91 ± 32.87 95.81 ± 23.14 0.64 93.54 ± 27.05 101.44 ± 29.76 0.79
Phenylalanine 48.18 ± 8.10 46.56 ± 4.91 0.31 43.86 ± 4.55 50.16 ± 7.02 0.007
Proline 167.32 ± 58.74 157.68 ± 39.76 0.47 154.47 ± 44.03 169.30 ± 55.06 0.89
Ornitine 49.06 ± 17.18 52.61 ± 15.80 0.48 45.44 ± 17.75 54.69 ± 14.51 0.33
Histidine 93.59 ± 20.35 93.79 ± 13.96 0.94 93.55 ± 16.26 93.78 ± 17.74 0.65

Means ± SD.

1P-values of the GLM models are adjusted for age, sex and BMI.

P-values in bold were considered significantly different.

Bouchard-Mercier et al.

Bouchard-Mercier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:158   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-158

Open Data