Table 1

Characteristics of the studied participants and correlations with dietary fiber intake
Mean or percentage Correlation coefficient or odds ratio p
Number 4,399
Dietary fiber intake (g/1,000 kcal) 7.60 ± 0.03 -
  Fiber from vegetables (%) 47.1 ± 0.2 0.42* <0.0001
  Fiber from cereals (%) 22.5 ± 0.2 −0.60* <0.0001
  Fiber from legumes and beans (%) 11.8 ± 0.1 0.11* <0.0001
  Fiber from fruits (%) 9.5 ± 0.1 0.15* <0.0001
Age (years) 65.4 ± 0.2 0.18* <0.0001
Sex (male, %) 56.7 0.76 [0.74-0.78]# <0.0001
Duration of diabetes (years) 15.5 ± 0.2 0.00* ns
Current smoker (%) 18.3 0.79 [0.76-0.82]# <0.0001
Current drinker (%) 38.8 0.77 [0.74-0.79]# <0.0001
Total energy intake (kcal) 1689 ± 7 −0.12* <0.0001
Fat intake (g/day) 52.4 ± 0.3 0.09* <0.0001
Saturated fatty acid intake (g/day) 12.3 ± 0.1 −0.08* <0.0001
Protein intake (g/day) 67.3 ± 0.4 0.04* 0.006
Leisure-time physical activity (met▪hr/week) 11.8 ± 0.2 0.12* <0.0001
Depressive symptoms (%) 8.9 0.95 [0.90-0.99]# 0.035
Oral hypoglycemic agents (%) 64.1 0.99 [0.96-1.01]# ns
Insulin therapy (%) 27.1 0.98 [0.95-1.01]# ns

Mean ± SE. *correlation coefficient, #odds ratio with 95% CI.

Fujii et al.

Fujii et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:159   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-159

Open Data