Table 1

General characteristics of the study population (mean ± SD)
Boys (n=50) Girls (n=56)
Age: 6–8.5 years Age: 9–12 years Age: 6–8.5 years Age: 9–12 years
Obese children (n=11) Controls (n=12) Obese children (n=12) Controls (n=15) Obese children (n=13) Controls (n=11) Obese children (n=18) Controls (n=14)
Age (years) 7.38 ± 0.86 7.39 ± 0.85 11.36 ± 0.67 11.28 ± 1.32 7.55 ± 0.92 7.44 ± 0.90 11.06 ± 1.24 11.29 ± 0.48
Height (cm) 131.0 ± 0.1 128.6 ± 0.1 151.6 ± 0.06 146.1 ± 0.12 129.0 ± 0.06 127.0 ± 0.07 151.0 ± 0.1 a 141.5 ± 0.09
Weight (kg) 37.43 ± 6.37 b 25.86 ± 4.02 63.90 ± 5.61 a 36.07 ± 8.38 37.83 ± 7.22 a 26.67 ± 3.56 62.47 ± 12.72 b 33.33 ± 6.10
BMI (kg/m2) 22.28 ± 2.46 b 15.41 ± 0.98 28.57 ± 4.28 b 17.03 ± 1.87 23.24 ± 2.45 b 15.81 ± 1.37 27.44 ± 2.84 b 16.14 ± 2.10
Waist circumference (cm) 68.33 ± 4.23 a 54.5 ± 2.12 99.0 ± 4.14 b 61.83 ± 5.74 77.2 ± 3.83 b 53.67 ± 2.31 87.67 ± 8.45 a 65.0 ± 8.18
Hip circumference (cm) 76.5 ± 7.31 a 63.0 ± 1.41 98.5 ± 6.26 a 69.5 ± 5.28 84.25 ± 6.85 a 60.33 ± 4.2 99.67 ± 9.46 a 75.33 ± 5.77
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 125.0 ± 5.9 102.5 ± 3.5 124 ± 5.7 104.5 ± 5.8 127.5 ± 6.5 106.7 ± 5.8 129.8 ± 8.0 118.3 ± 7.6
Systolic BP z-score 1.28 ± 0.68 1.11 ± 0.88 2.88 ± 1.1 2.81 ± 1.2 1.85 ± 0.82 1.38 ± 0.53 2.83 ± 0.61 2.27 ± 0.47
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 66.7 ± 5.2 65.7 ± 7.5 72.5 ± 5.6 67.5 ± 2.7 68.8 ± 7.5 63.3 ± 5.8 72.5 ± 5.4 70.0 ± 6.7
Diastolic BP z-score 0.39 ± 0.19 0.29 ± 0.16 0.88 ± 0.18 0.82 ± 0.21 0.54 ± 0.18 0.46 ± 0.1 1.09 ± 0.46 0.78 ± 0.37
Glucose* (mmol/L) 3.86 ± 0.56 3.97 ± 0.51 4.24 ± 0.92 4.42 ± 0.71 3.70 ± 0.50 4.04 ± 0.45 4.57 ± 0.55 4.45 ± 0.73
Total cholesterol** (mmol/L) 4.22 ± 1.21 a 3.13 ± 0.97 4.39 ± 0.79 b 3.05 ± 0.41 4.29 ± 1.26 a 3.18 ± 1.17 4.40 ± 0.31 b 3.10 ± 0.21
Triglycerides*** (mmol/L) 0.95 ± 0.15 0.85 ± 0.14 0.98 ± 0.12 0.82 ± 0.18 0.92 ± 0.15 0.79 ± 0.17 0.94 ± 0.18 0.82 ± 0.17

Normal fasting ranges (according to the European guidelines): * 3.3 − 6 mmol/L; ** 4–6 mmol/L; *** 0.6 − 1.7 mmol/L.

BP Blood pressure.

a (p < 0.01); b (p < 0.001).

Sfar et al.

Sfar et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:18   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-18

Open Data