Table 2

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome factors in all overweight, obese, and extremely obese adolescents according to BMI and by gender
General (n = 321) Overweight (n = 95) Obese (n = 129) Extremely obese (n = 97)
Total AbdC >90thP (1)** 55.0% 30.4% a 54.5% b 87.0% c
TG ≥150 mg/dL(1)* 18.5% 15.9% ab 13.0% a 29.6% b
HDLc <40 mg/dL(1)NS 35.5% 29.0% a 37.7%a 40.7%a
SBP-DBP ≥130/85(1)** 21.0% 10.1% a 18.2% a 38.9% b
Glycemia ≥100 mg/dL(2)NS 2.0% 2.9% a 1.3% a 1.9% a
(n = 174) (n = 55) (n = 71) (n = 48)
Female AbdC >90thP (2)** 67.0% 41.9% a 65.0% a 96.6% b
TG ≥150 mg/dL(2)NS 19.0% 12.9% a 15.0% a 31.0% a
HDLc <40 mg/dL(1)* 41.0% 22.6% a 47.5% ab 51.7% b
SBP-DBP ≥130/85(2)** 21.0% 9.7% a 15.0% a 41.4% b
Glycemia ≥100 mg/dL(2)NS 3.0% 3.2% a 2.5% a 3.4% a
(n = 147) (n = 40) (n = 58) (n = 49)
Male AbdC >90thP(1)** 43.0% 21.1% a 43.2% a 76.0% b
TG ≥150 mg/dL(2)NS 18.0% 18.4% a 10.8% a 28.0% a
HDLc <40 mg/dL(1)NS 30.0% 34.2% a 27.0% a 28.0% a
SBP-DBP ≥130/85(2)* 21.0% 10.5% a 21.6% ab 36.0% b
Glycemia ≥100 mg/dL(2)NS 1.0% 2.6% a 0.0% a 0.0% a

Note: (1) Chi-square test.

(2) Fisher’s exact test.

* p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 NS not significant.

The same letters show no statistically significant difference.

AbdC Abdominal circumference, HDLc-HDL cholesterol, TG Triglycerides, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure.

Rizzo et al.

Rizzo et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:19   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-19

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