Table 2

Baseline levels of lymphocytes in nonsmokers and smokers according to the number of cigarettes per day
Nonsmokers n = 56 S1 (n = 7) S2 (n = 34) S3 (n = 15)
Age (y) 34 ± 8 35 ± 5 35 ± 6 36 ± 6
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.84 ± 3.99 24.11 ± 2.22 23.27 ± 3.26 23.55 ± 3.9822
Vitamin E μg/ml 11.76 ± 3.17 11.66 ± 3.24 11.66 ± 3.24 11.66 ± 3.98
α1-antitrypsin g/L serum 1.49 ± 0.32 1.98 ± 0.27* 1.96 ± 0.39* 1.94 ± 0.38*
CCR μg/mg creatinine 0.049 ± 0.017 0.268 ± 0.244* 0.974 ± 0.759* 1.13 ± 0.56*
PHA SI 70.54 ± 43.35 47.50 ± 34.63 89.05 ± 61.07 80.93 ± 55.85
Con A SI 54.73 ± 38.35 33.33 ± 17.07 66.94 ± 41.32 57.13 ± 23.01
White cell count (a.n. x 109/L) 7.99 ± 1.74 9.83 ± 2.60* 8.71 ± 2.16 9.55 ± 1.96*
Lymphocytes (a.n. x 109/L) 3.25 ± 0.74 3.77 ± 1.45 3.50 ± 1.00 3.58 ± 1.01
(%) 41.19 ± 7.76 37.68 ± 7.36 40.61 ± 6.74 39.83 ± 6.77
T cell (a.n. x 109/L) 2.05 ± 0.55 2.39 ± 0.10 2.36 ± 0.68 2.31 ± 0.71
(%) 62.76 ± 7.54 63.14 ± 11.31 64.64 ± 7.32 64.67 ± 7.83
B cell (a.n. x 109/L) 0.38 ± 0.20 0.67 ± 0.51* 0.52 ± 0.29* 0.54 ± 0.17*
(%) 11.13 ± 4.09 16.86 ± 6.20* 14.36 ± 4.20* 14.80 ± 4.28*
NK cells (a.n. x 109/L) 0.83 ± 0.35 0.67 ± 0.35 0.66 ± 0.31* 0.67 ± 0.33
(%) 25.31 ± 903 19.00 ± 8.25* 19.34 ± 6.67* 18.20 ± 7.16*
CD4+ (a.n. x 109/L) 0.92 ± 0.28 0.99 ± 0.30 1.18 ± 0.43* 1.14± 0.26*
(%) 28.27 ± 6.43 27.29 ± 4.42 33.44 ± 5.46 31.47 ± 5.82
CD8+ (a.n. x 109/L) 1.05 ± 0.39 1.17 ± 0.60 1.00 ± 0.34 1.049± 0.42
(%) 31.53 ± 7.52 30.00 ± 7.81 28.89 ± 6.92 29.33 ± 7.16
CD4+/CD8+ (%) 0.97 ± 0.44 0.987 ± 0.383 1.22 ± 0.37* 1.16 ± 0.42

S1 refers to < 9 cigarettes/d, S2; 10-19 cigarettes/d and S3; >20 cigarettes/d. * indicates significant difference as compared to nonsmokers (p < 0.05).

Jubri et al.

Jubri et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-2

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