Table 4

The effects of palmvitee supplementation on lymphocyte proliferative presented as stimulation index (S.I.) after induction with mitogen, PHA and Con A in nonsmokers and smokers according to the number of cigarettes per day
Weeks S1 S2 S3
Placebo, n = 4 Palmvitee, n = 3 Placebo, n = 17 Palmvitee,n = 19 Placebo, n = 7 Palmvitee,n = 8
Con A (SI)
0 37.75 ± 15.73 24.50 ± 21.92 80.00 ± 48.12 55.26 ± 30.92 61.00 ± 15.41 53.75 ± 39.75
12 39.25 ± 15.09 55.00 ± 35.59 53.50 ± 35.02 59.32 ± 40.01 39.29 ± 20.77 61.63 ± 28.52*
24 36.00 ± 32.65 22.00 ± 24.56 46.24 ± 28.03 49.26 ± 35.55 36.00 ± 20.94 35.75 ± 26.99
PHA (SI)
0 58.00 ± 39.30 26.50 ± 6.36 73.17 ± 40.22 70.21 ± 44.99 67.29 ± 29.84 44.60 ± 28.53
12 60.50 ± 24.96 51.67 ± 30.62 69.44 ± 40.09 76.58 ± 35.20 60.29 ± 28.19 81.00 ± 38.53
24 59.25 ± 24.07 72.67 ± 69.82 74.71 ± 44.45 78.47 ± 68.50 62.29 ± 27.49 75.50 ± 32.96

Results are shown as means ± SD. * indicates significant difference as compared to nonsmokers.

Jubri et al.

Jubri et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-2

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