Table 8

The effects of vitamin E supplementation on NK cells, CD4+cells, CD8+cells and CD4+/CD8+in whole blood of nonsmokers and smokers
Weeks NK cells CD4+ CD8+ CD4+/CD8+
% a.n. x 109 % a.n. x 109 % a.n. x 109 %
Non-smokers (placebo, n = 27)
0 25.00 ± 9.44 0.73 ± 0.34 29.07 ± 6.16 0.91 ± 0.28 31.69 ± 7.41 0.99 ± 0.41 0.99 ± 0.40
12 22.85 ± 7.74 0.70 ± 0.35 30.81 ± 6.75 0.94 ± 0.35 31.19 ± 8.03 1.00 ± 0.36 1.02 ± 0.46
24 24.72 ± 7.94 0.75 ± 0.32 31.27 ± 6.87 0.92 ± 0.32 32.07 ± 8.30 0.94 ± 0.36 1.07 ± 0.48
Non-smokers (palmvitee, n = 29)
0 25.59 ± 8.80 0.86 ± 0.36 27.55 ± 6.68 0.92 ± 0.29 31.38 ± 7.75 1.07 ± 0.30 0.96 ± 0.48
12 24.59 ± 8.45 0.81 ± 0.33 27.62 ± 7.72 0.92 ± 0.33 30.28 ± 6.75 1.03 ± 0.35 0.97 ± 0.47
24 24.72 ± 8.78 0.72 ± 0.42 30.17 ± 9.35 0.90 ± 0.30 31.00 ± 6.72 0.96 ± 0.37 1.03 ± 0.53
Smokers (placebo, n = 28)
0 19.54 ± 7.50+ 0.76 ± 0.39 32.18 ± 5.98+ 1.24 ± 0.44+ 27.82 ± 5.36+ 1.08 ± 0.34 1.22 ± 0.38+
12 19.46 ± 8.55+ 0.75 ± 0.45 33.07 ± 7.32+ 1.23 ± 0.39+ 27.46 ± 6.01+ 1.05 ± 0.36 1.24 ± 0.40+
24 19.18 ± 10.93+ 0.64 ± 0.46 35.14 ± 7.93+ 1.14 ± 0.44+ 28.04 ± 7.34 0.93 ± 0.27 1.25 ± 0.36+
Smokers (palmvitee, n = 30)
0 18.48 ± 6.32++ 0.58 ± 0.17++ 32.20 ± 5.54++ 1.03 ± 0.29 30.37 ± 8.09 1.00 ± 0.45 1.13 ± 0.39
12 17.87 ± 6.50++ 0.55 ± 0.21++ 33.20 ± 5.56++ 1.07 ± 0.29++ 30.17 ± 8.21 0.98 ± 0.42 1.21 ± 0.44++
24 19.03 ± 7.82 0.57 ± 0.27 33.90 ± 5.56++ 1.03 ± 0.37 30.67 ± 7.61 0.92 ± 0.38 1.19 ± 0.43++

Results are shown as mean ± SD. a.n. represents actual number. + indicates significant difference as compared to nonsmokers taking placebo (p < 0.05). ++ indicates significant difference as compared to nonsmokers taking palmvitee (p < 0.05).

Jubri et al.

Jubri et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-2

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