Table 3

Descriptive characteristics of the study participants for women according to dietary pattern scores
Prudent dietary pattern (n = 17) P Western dietary pattern (n = 17) P
Low score (n = 10) High score (n = 7) Low score (n = 11) High score (n = 6)
Age (y) 34.80 ± 11.16 33.86 ± 9.51 0.86 35.45 ± 9.78 32.50 ± 11.64 0.59
BMI (kg/m2) 28.09 ± 2.71 30.94 ± 3.58 0.091 29.01 ± 2.73 29.73 ± 4.48 0.681
Waist circumference (cm) 82.82 ± 8.07 91.14 ± 7.87 0.312 86.05 ± 8.85 86.60 ± 9.58 0.882
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 106.40 ± 8.42 103.57 ± 8.92 0.142 103.45 ± 9.29 108.50 ± 6.12 0.112
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.70 ± 8.84 72.00 ± 8.79 0.912 68.73 ± 9.23 70.83 ± 8.66 0.572
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.20 ± 1.08 4.66 ± 0.58 0.302 4.74 ± 0.42 5.42 ± 1.42 0.032
Fasting insulin (pmol/L) 83.10 ± 23.32 77.71 ± 31.39 0.152 78.82 ± 27.99 84.67 ± 24.31 0.782
CRP (mg/L) 7.03 ± 12.01 6.14 ± 9.90 0.512 6.65 ± 11.32 6.69 ± 11.01 0.412
Total-C (mmol/L) 5.37 ± 1.55 4.95 ± 1.23 0.852 5.04 ± 1.35 5.48 ± 1.58 0.352
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.06 ± 1.12 2.76 ± 1.20 0.922 2.90 ± 1.17 3.01 ± 1.15 0.592
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.64 ± 0.66 1.68 ± 0.39 0.492 1.52 ± 0.47 1.91 ± 0.64 0.142
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.48 ± 0.77 1.09 ± 0.52 0.072 1.36 ± 0.72 1.25 ± 0.69 0.642
ApoB (g/L) 0.98 ± 0.28 0.81 ± 0.29 0.372 0.90 ± 0.28 0.94 ± 0.33 0.632
Dietary intakes
Total fat (%) 29.17 ± 4.02 30.73 ± 3.00 0.612 28.55 ± 3.59 32.13 ± 2.50 0.082
Saturated fat (%) 10.45 ± 1.54 9.45 ± 2.32 0.222 9.32 ± 1.96 11.35 ± 0.81 0.052
Monounsaturated fat (%) 11.45 ± 1.84 13.04 ± 1.33 0.132 11.67 ± 1.91 12.90 ± 1.36 0.282
Polyunsaturated fat (%) 4.81 ± 0.81 5.71 ± 0.69 0.052 5.14 ± 0.98 5.26 ± 0.70 0.902
Total fiber (g) 19.78 ± 3.88 28.14 ± 6.77 0.032 24.14 ± 7.11 21.54 ± 5.77 0.362

All values are means ± SDs. Tests for trends or differences were made by using generalized linear models.

1 Adjusted for age.

2 Adjusted for age and BMI.

Bouchard-Mercier et al.

Bouchard-Mercier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:24   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-24

Open Data