Table 4

Food group intakes (number of servings) for men according to dietary pattern scores
Prudent dietary pattern (n = 12) P Western dietary pattern (n = 12) P
Low score (n = 5) High score (n = 7) Low score (n = 3) High score (n = 9)
Vegetables* 1.90 ± 0.65 3.93 ± 1.80 0.031 4.47 ± 2.57 2.62 ± 1.23 0.031
Fruits* 1.34 ± 1.18 3.20 ± 0.95 0.021 2.98 ± 0.50 2.24 ± 1.55 0.281
Whole grain products* 1.82 ± 1.43 4.37 ± 1.35 0.0041 3.33 ± 0.96 3.30 ± 2.12 0.351
Non-hydrogenated fats* 4.02 ± 4.19 4.58 ± 3.02 0.751 3.96 ± 2.58 4.47 ± 3.74 0.281
Refined grain products* 3.26 ± 2.33 2.27 ± 1.30 0.231 1.40 ± 1.25 3.10 ± 1.77 0.381
Fish and other sea food* 0.61 ± 0.66 1.71 ± 0.88 0.041 1.22 ± 0.87 1.26 ± 1.03 0.601
Nuts* 0.33 ± 0.13 1.88 ± 1.88 0.021 1.24 ± 0.68 1.23 ± 1.85 0.381
Desserts* 1.03 ± 0.43 0.86 ± 0.85 0.751 0.36 ± 0.52 1.12 ± 0.65 0.211
Sweets* 4.86 ± 2.07 4.35 ± 2.60 0.601 1.86 ± 1.17 5.47 ± 1.82 0.031
Processed meats* 0.96 ± 0.91 0.72 ± 0.76 0.591 0.12 ± 0.20 1.06 ± 0.78 0.161

All values are means ± SDs. Tests for trends or differences were made by using generalized linear models.

1Adjusted for age, BMI and energy intakes.

*Vegetables, 1 serving = 125 ml of all vegetables; Fruits, 1 serving = 1 unit of fresh fruit, 125 ml of fruit compote (stewed), frozen and canned or 60 ml of dried fruit; Whole grain products, 1 serving = 1 unit of whole-wheat, whole-grain or other multigrain breads, ½ unit of whole-wheat, whole-grain and other multigrain bagels, tortillas and pitas, 125 ml of whole-wheat or whole-grain pasta, 125 ml of brown rice, 125 ml of oatmeal and wheat cream, 30 g of whole-grain cereal, 1 unit of whole wheat pancakes, 30 g of whole-wheat crackers; Non-hydrogenated fats, 1 serving = 5 ml of non-hydrogenated margarine, 5 ml of vegetable oil or 5 ml of salad dressing (all kinds); Refined grain products, 1 serving = 1 unit of white breads, ½ unit of white bagels, pitas and tortillas, 125 ml of white rice, white pasta and couscous, 1 unit of muffins (home-made), pancakes, waffles and granola bars, 30 g of refined cereal, 1 unit of rice cake or 30 g of salted crackers; Fish and other sea food, 1 serving = 30 g of fish and sea food (excluding breaded fish) or 1 unit of sushi; Nuts, 1 serving = 30 ml of all nuts and seeds or 30 ml of seed and nuts butter; Desserts, 1 serving = 2 units of cookies, 1/6 pies, 125 ml of pudding, 1/6 or 1 unit of cakes, doughnuts and pastries, 1 unit of croissants, muffins (commercial), date squares, banana breads and coated granola bars; Sweets, 1 serving = 5 ml of sugar, brown sugar, honey, maple taffy, jam, maple/corn syrup and nutella, 1 unit of candy, 5 g of chocolate bar or pieces; Processed meats, 1 serving = 5 slices of bacon, 1 unit of sausage, hotdogs and hotdogs on a stick, 30 g delicatessen, cretons, head cheese, liver pâté and terrine.

Bouchard-Mercier et al.

Bouchard-Mercier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:24   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-24

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