Table 5

Food group intakes (number of servings) for women according to dietary pattern scores
Prudent dietary pattern (n = 12) P Western dietary pattern (n = 12) P
Low score (n = 10) High score (n = 7) Low score (n = 3) High score (n = 9)
Vegetables* 2.30 ± 1.55 4.38 ± 1.73 0.161 3.09 ± 2.05 3.28 ± 1.73 0.771
Fruits* 1.97 ± 1.14 3.34 ± 0.61 0.071 2.56 ± 1.21 2.48 ± 1.18 0.621
Whole grain products* 2.04 ± 1.33 4.02 ± 2.84 0.181 3.25 ± 2.47 2.13 ± 1.70 0.131
Non-hydrogenated fats* 1.52 ± 0.97 4.65 ± 3.09 0.0061 2.58 ± 2.66 3.24 ± 2.59 0.961
Refined grain products* 3.14 ± 1.50 1.83 ± 0.61 0.061 2.46 ± 1.31 2.86 ± 1.53 0.571
Fish and other sea food* 1.01 ± 0.72 1.24 ± 0.88 0.351 0.85 ±0.52 1.58 ± 0.96 0.111
Nuts* 0.39 ± 0.39 0.59 ± 0.63 0.891 0.56 ± 0.57 0.30 ± 0.30 0.291
Desserts* 0.85 ± 0.75 0.62 ± 0.38 0.381 0.38 ± 0.28 1.44 ± 0.42 <0.00011
Sweets* 3.45 ± 1.69 2.93 ± 5.05 0.051 1.90 ± 1.60 5.69 ± 4.43 0.0071
Processed meats* 0.38 ± 0.37 0.30 ± 0.17 0.131 0.31 ± 0.28 0.43 ± 0.36 0.671

All values are means ± SDs. Tests for trends or differences were made by using generalized linear models.

1Adjusted for age, BMI and energy intakes.

*Vegetables, 1 serving = 125 ml of all vegetables; Fruits, 1 serving = 1 unit of fresh fruit, 125 ml of fruit compote (stewed), frozen and canned or 60 ml of dried fruit; Whole grain products, 1 serving = 1 unit of whole-wheat, whole-grain or other multigrain breads, ½ unit of whole-wheat, whole-grain and other multigrain bagels, tortillas and pitas, 125 ml of whole-wheat or whole-grain pasta, 125 ml of brown rice, 125 ml of oatmeal and wheat cream, 30 g of whole-grain cereal, 1 unit of whole wheat pancakes, 30 g of whole-wheat crackers; Non-hydrogenated fats, 1 serving = 5 ml of non-hydrogenated margarine, 5 ml of vegetable oil or 5 ml of salad dressing (all kinds); Refined grain products, 1 serving = 1 unit of white breads, ½ unit of white bagels, pitas and tortillas, 125 ml of white rice, white pasta and couscous, 1 unit of muffins (home-made), pancakes, waffles and granola bars, 30 g of refined cereal, 1 unit of rice cake or 30 g of salted crackers; Fish and other sea food, 1 serving = 30 g of fish and sea food (excluding breaded fish) or 1 unit of sushi; Nuts, 1 serving = 30 ml of all nuts and seeds or 30 ml of seed and nuts butter; Desserts, 1 serving = 2 units of cookies, 1/6 pies, 125 ml of pudding, 1/6 or 1 unit of cakes, doughnuts and pastries, 1 unit of croissants, muffins (commercial), date squares, banana breads and coated granola bars; Sweets, 1 serving = 5 ml of sugar, brown sugar, honey, maple taffy, jam, maple/corn syrup and nutella, 1 unit of candy, 5 g of chocolate bar or pieces; Processed meats, 1 serving = 5 slices of bacon, 1 unit of sausage, hotdogs and hotdogs on a stick, 30 g delicatessen, cretons, head cheese, liver pâté and terrine.

Bouchard-Mercier et al.

Bouchard-Mercier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:24   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-24

Open Data