Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants*
High-fruit Low-fruit
(n = 32) (n = 31)
Age (years) 59 ± 12 57 ± 12
Sex (female) 14 (44) 18 (58)
Height (cm) 170 ± 8 169 ± 10
Body weight (kg) 92 ± 17 91 ± 17
BMI (kg/m2) 32 ± 5 32 ± 6
Waist circumference (cm) 104 ± 11 107 ± 9
HbA1c (%) 6.7 ± 1.2 6.5 ± 1.1
Physical activity level (PAL) 1.7 ± 0,1 1.6 ± 0,1
Fruit intake (g) 194 ± 87 186 ± 82
Duration of diabetes (days) 22 (12–107) 33 (14–54)
Start on OAD prior to intervention†
1-30 days 10 (45) 7 (58)
31-60 days 6 (27) 3 (25)
> 60 days 6 (27) 2 (17)

*Baseline values are presented as mean ± SD, median (25th-75th centile), and number (%). † OAD = oral antidiabetic drugs.

Christensen et al.

Christensen et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:29   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-29

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