Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants
High-Income Neighbourhood Low-Income Neighbourhood
n = 103 n = 101
Males 50 (49.5%) 51 (49.5%) 1.00
Age 51.3 ± 8.9 49.9 ± 7.4 0.002
Married 99 (96.1%) 100 (99.0%) 0.181
Current smoking 1(1.0%) 10 (9.9%) 0.005
Ethnicity 0.004
 Hindu 72 (69.9%) 89 (88.1%)
 Sikh 29 (28.2%) 12 (11.9%)
 Jain 2 (1.9%) 0 (0.0%)
Formal education < 0.001
 Illiterate 25 (24.2%) 3 (3.0%)
 Primary 15 (14.6%) 11 (10.9%)
 Secondary 17 (16.5%) 38 (37.6%)
 Higher than secondary 46 (44.7%) 49 (48.5%)
Household income quartiles* 0.461
 Rs. 1000 – 6000 33 (32.1%) 33 (32.7%)
 Rs. 6001 – 10000 26 (25.2%) 33 (32.7%)
 Rs. 10001 – 20000 26 (25.2%) 24 (23.8%)
 20001 – 35000 18 (17.5%) 11 (10.8%)

Categorical variables presented as n (%); continuous variables presented as mean ± SD; Differences in age tested by independent t test and in the rest of variables using Chi-square test.

* Monthly personal income 100 Indian rupees equals $2 USD; exchange rate 0.02013 [49.6736] on May 1st, 2009 (date of participant recruitment), Bank of Canada http://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/exchange/10-year-converter/ webcite.

Aloia et al.

Aloia et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:4   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-4

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