Table 3

Baseline characteristics of 44 pregnant women by study arm
Baseline characteristics High-flavanol chocolate (n = 23) Low-flavanol chocolate (n = 21)
Age (years) 28.7 ± 3.17 29.76 ± 3.63
Height (m) 1.64 ± 0.06 1.66 ± 0.04
Weight (kg) 66.07 ± 6.79 64.90 ± 8.14
BMI (kg/m2) 24.73 ± 2.68 23.61 ± 2.85
Gestation duration at randomisation (weeks) 21.13 ± 1.10 21.10 ± 1.61
Blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)* 109.43 ± 7.65 105.94 ± 7.84
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)* 66.80 ± 6.34 64.23 ± 6.24
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)* 81.01 ± 5.87 78.14 ± 6.48
Flow-mediated dilation (%) 11.86 ± 4.66 13.25 ± 3.80
Plasma biomarkers of chocolate intake
Theobromine (μg/mL plasma) 0.45 ± 0.43 0.35 ± 0.37
Theophylline (μg/mL plasma) 0.13 ± 0.18 0.07 ± 0.11
Caffeine (μg/mL plasma) 0.58 ± 0.82 0.29 ± 0.46
Plasma flavanol concentrations
Epicatechin (ng/mL plasma) 4.90 ± 0.00 4.90 ± 0.00
Catechin (ng/mL plasma) 55.99 ± 44.23 44.05 ± 46.68

*Average of 3 measurements Values are means ± SD.

Mogollon et al.

Mogollon et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:41   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-41

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