Table 8

Changes in FMD and BP after daily consumption of 20-g chocolate for 6 and 12 weeks
Low-flavanol High-flavanol P value of change between treatments
Chocolate Chocolate
(n = 20) (n = 22)
FMD (%)
Baseline 13.3 ± 3.8 11.9 ± 4.7 -
Week 6 11.4 ± 3.4 10.8 ± 3.9 0.22
Week 12 13.1 ± 3.8 10.4 ± 3.4 0.43
P value (Week 6 vs. Baseline) 0.06 0.32
P value (Week 12 vs. Baseline) 0.95 0.18
Systolic BP (mmHg)
Baseline 105.9 ± 7.8 109.4 ± 7.6 -
Week 6 104.8 ± 6.0 109.4 ± 7.5 0.98
Week 12 106.1 ± 9.7 108.8 ± 8.9 0.49
P value (Week 6 vs. Baseline) 0.69 0.83
P value (Week 12 vs. Baseline) 0.66 0.60
Diastolic BP (mmHg)
Baseline 64.2 ± 6.2 66.8 ± 6.3 -
Week 6 65.4 ± 5.9 68.0 ± 5.0 0.51
Week 12 68.2 ± 6.9 70.5 ± 6.8 0.50
P value (Week 6 vs. Baseline) 0.05 0.42
P value (Week 12 vs. Baseline) 0.0007 0.01
Mean arterial BP (mmHg)
Baseline 78.1 ± 6.5 81.0 ± 5.9 -
Week 6 78.5 ± 5.6 81.8 ± 5.2 0.65
Week 12 80.9 ± 7.5 83.2 ± 7.1 0.45
P value (Week 6 vs. Baseline) 0.20 0.64
P value (Week 12 vs. Baseline) 0.0081 0.15

Values are means ± SD.

Mogollon et al.

Mogollon et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:41   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-41

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