Table 1

Body composition changes between baseline and wk 4, wk 8, and wk 12
Δ1(wk0 ~ wk 4) Δ2 (wk0 ~ wk 8) Δ3 (wk0 ~ wk 12)
Calcium+D (n = 26) Control (n = 25) Pa Calcium+D (n = 25) Control (n = 23) P Calcium+D (n = 22) Control (n = 21) P
Body weight (kg) −2.2 ± 1.4 b −1.7 ± 1.2 0.16 −3.3 ± 1.6 −3.3 ± 1.4 0.94 −4.1 ± 1.8 −3.5 ± 1.9 0.25
Fat mass (kg) −1.7 ± 1.7 −1.0 ± 1.1 0.13 −2.4 ± 1.2 −1.7 ± 0.8 0.03 −2.8 ± 1.3 −1.8 ± 1.3 0.02
Fat percentage (%) −1.6 ± 2.5 −0.8 ± 1.3 0.19 −2.1 ± 1.2 −1.1 ± 0.9 <0.01 −2.6 ± 1.6 −1.4 ± 1.5 0.02
Lean mass (kg) −0.4 ± 1.0 −0.5 ± 1.2 0.77 −0.8 ± 0.9 −1.2 ± 1.7 0.24 −1.1 ± 1.1 −1.4 ± 1.2 0.31
Visceral fat mass (kg) c −0.3 ± 0.3 −0.1 ± 0.2 0.09 −0.4 ± 0.3 −0.2 ± 0.2 <0.01 −0.5 ± 0.2 −0.3 ± 0.2 0.01
VFA (cm2) c −6.6 ± 7.6 −2.9 ± 6.6 0.12 −10.9 ± 7.2 −4.6 ± 4.9 <0.01 −12.0 ± 6.4 −6.5 ± 7.2 0.02

Calcium+D, Calcium+vitamin D3 group. Control, control group. VFA, visceral fat area.

Δ1=[(mean values wk 4)-(mean values wk 0)]. Δ2=[(mean values wk 8)-(mean values wk 0)]. Δ3=[(mean values wk 12)-(mean values wk 0)].

Zhu et al.

Zhu et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:43   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-43

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