Table 2

Pooled estimates of effect size (95% confidence intervals) expressed as weighted mean difference for the effects of HP vs. LP diets on cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors
Outcomes No. of studies Participants WMD 95% CI p-values Inconsistency I2
Weight (kg) 13 971 -0.39 [-1.43, 0.65] 0.46 0%
WC (cm) 8 727 -0.98 [-3.32, 1.37] 0.41 72%
FM (kg) 10 913 -0.59 [-1.32, 0.13] 0.11 0%
TC (mg/dl) 12 1251 -2.51 [-7.74, 2.71] 0.35 32%
LDL-C (mg/dl) 13 1522 1.58 [-5.36, 8.53] 0.66 79%
HDL-C (mg/dl) 14 1563 0.90 [-0.09, 1.89] 0.08 0%
TG (mg/dl) 14 1563 -2.87 [-11.13, 5.38] 0.49 21%
DBP (mmHg) 11 1402 -0.42 [-1.37, 0.54] 0.39 0%
SBP (mmHg) 11 1414 -1.61 [-3.45, 0.23] 0.09 41%
CRP (mg/dl) 4 222 0.22 [-0.36, 0.79] 0.46 0%
FG (mg/dl) 11 1357 -0.63 [-1.93, 0.67] 0.34 0%
FI (╬╝IU/ml) 11 1086 -0.71 [-1.36, -0.05] 0.03 0%
HbA1c (%) 3 431 0.07 [-0.17, 0.31] 0.55 0%

CI, confidence intervalls, CRP, high-sensitive-C reactive protein; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FG, fasting glucose; FI, fasting insulin; FM, fat mass; HbA1c, glycosylated hemoglobin; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol, TG, triacyglycerols; WC, waist circumference; WMD, weighted mean difference.

Schwingshackl and Hoffmann

Schwingshackl and Hoffmann Nutrition Journal 2013 12:48   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-48

Open Data