Table 1

Mean daily intake of energy and selected nutrients of Baltimore infants and toddlers
All ages (n = 73) 0 - 6 months (n = 21) 7 - 12 months (n =20) 13 - 24 months (n = 32)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) RDA/AI1 Mean (SD) RDA/AI1 Mean (SD) RDA/AI1
Age (months) 11.7 (6.6) 4.2 (1.1) - 9.3 (1.7) - 18.1 (3.5) -
Energy (kcal) 957.3 (327.4) 676.5 (225.7) - 987.6 (280.1) - 1122.7 (285.8) -
Protein (g) 28 (16.6) 14.5 (5.7) 9.12 25.4 (12.5) 114 38.6 (16.5) 134
Carbohydrate (g) 128.2 (51.3) 75.1 (32.5) 602 139.7 (36.3) 952 155.8 (41.9) 1304
Fat (g) 38.1 (14.0) 35 (9.0) 312 38.6 (12.3) 302 39.9 (17.1) -
% energy from protein 10.9 (3.6) 8.5 (1.8) - 9.7 (2.8) - 13.3 (3.6) 5-203
% energy from carbohydrates 52.5 (9.7) 43.9 (3.9) - 56 (5.3) - 56 (11.0) 45-653
% energy from fat 36.6 (9.8) 47.6 (4.8) - 34.3 (4.0) - 30.8 (8.8) 30-403
Sugars (g) 76.4 (30.9) 59.8 (29.2) - 81.5 (26.7) - 84.1 (30.2) < 25%3
Dietary fiber (g) 4.8 (4.2) 1 (1.8) - 4.7 (3.3) - 7.4 (3.8) 192
Saturated fat (g) 14.2 (6.4) 13.1 (4.4) - 14 (5.0) - 15.1 (8.0) low as possible3
Monounsaturated fat (g) 11.3 (5.7) 12 (4.4) - 11.8 (4.4) - 10.4 (6.9) -
Polyunsaturated fat (g) 5.7 (3.2) 6.5 (3.0) - 7.4 (2.6) - 4.3 (3.0) -
Omega-3 fatty acid (g) 0.5 (0.3) 0.6 (0.3) 0.52 0.7 (0.3) 0.52 0.4 (0.3) 0.72
Omega-6 fatty acid (g) 4.5 (2.9) 5.7 (2.7) 4.42 6.3 (2.5) 4.62 2.6 (1.8) 72
Vitamin A (μg-RAE) 419.3 (246.5) 540 (212.7) 4002 509.3 (203.5) 5002 284 (223.0) 3004
Thiamin (mg) 0.8 (0.6) 0.7 (0.5) 0.22 1.2 (0.7) 0.32 0.7 (0.5) 0.54
Riboflavin (mg) 1.2 (0.8) 0.9 (0.6) 0.32 1.5 (0.7) 0.42 1.2 (0.9) 0.54
Niacin (mg) 10.1 (7.2) 8.8 (6.1) 22 14.7 (8.6) 42 8 (5.4) 65
Vitamin B-6 (mg) 0.7 (0.5) 0.4 (0.3) 0.12 0.7 (0.4) 0.32 0.8 (0.6) 0.54
Total folate (μg-DFE) 170.8 (145.3) 132.0 (76.4) 652 170.4 (74.3) 802 196.6 (201.8) 1504
Vitamin B-12 (μg) 2 (1.6) 1.6 (0.8) 0.42 1.8 (1.0) 0.52 2.5 (2.2) 0.94
Vitamin C (mg) 124.5 (95.8) 75 (53.3) 402 157.5 (111.4) 502 136.4 (94.3) 154
Vitamin D(μg)5 5.1 (4.0) 6.3 (5.0) 102 5.9 (3.5) 102 3.8 (3.1) 154
Vitamin E (mg)6 6 (5.8) 8.6 (6.3) 42 9.7 (4.7) 52 2.1 (2.9) 64
Calcium (mg) 622.9 (339.2) 556.8 (257.7) 2002 711.5 (325.9) 2602 610.9 (381.6) 7004
Magnesium (mg) 87.6 (51.7) 59.6 (32.1) 302 108.9 (50.3) 752 92.7 (55.0) 804
Potassium (mg) 1,045.8 (549.2) 730.3 (340.2) 4002 1,092.6 (358.6) 7002 1,223.6 (661.6) 30002
Sodium (mg) 988.5 (868.4) 199.7 (60.6) 1202 794.8 (659.8) 3702 1,627.2 (775.4) 10002
Iron (mg) 12.9 (10.6) 12.2 (9.3) 0.272 21.1 (12.6) 114 8.2 (5.7) 74
Zinc (mg) 4.8 (3.1) 4.7 (2.3) 22 5.4 (2.3) 34 4.5 (3.9) 34

RAE, retinol activity equivalents; DFE, dietary folate equivalents.

1The Dietary Reference Intakes are presented in this table using Adequate Intakes or Recommended Dietary Allowances for age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months and 1–3 years.

2Adequate Intake.

3Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range.

4Recommended Dietary Allowance.

5As cholecalciferol. In the absence of adequate exposure to sunlight.

6As alpha–tocopherol.

Sharma et al.

Sharma et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:52   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-52

Open Data