Table 1

Characteristics of adults 19+ y by frequency of candy consumption, NHANES 2003-2006
Frequency of candy consumption
≤ 3 EO/month > 3 EO/month and ≤ 3.5 EO/week > 3.5 EO/week
(Infrequent) (Moderate) (Frequent)
Characteristic Mean ± Standard error P for trend
Population, n (%) 2497 (41) 1954 (34) 1366 (25) -
Age, y 48 ± 0.6 46 ± 0 .6 46 ± 0.6 0.003
Gender,% male 48 ± 1.0 45 ± 1.73 45 ±1.69 0.125
Race/Ethnicity,%
  Mexican American 8 ± 1.0 7 ± 1.35 6 ± 1.03 0.021
  Other Hispanic 3 ± 0.6 2 ± 0.39 2 ± 0.46 0.129
  Non-Hispanic White 69 ± 2.7 76 ± 2.21 80 ± 2.47 < 0.0005
  Non-Hispanic Black 13 ±1.6 11 ± 1.36 9 ± 1.50 0.004
  Other Race 7 ± 0.9 4 ± 0.6 3 ± 0.8 < 0.0005
Education,% completinga
  Less than high school 18 ± 1.2 14 ± 0.8 12 ± 1.1 < 0.0005
  High school/GED 25 ± 1.2 30 ± 1.6 27 ± 2.4 0.130
  More than high school 57 ± 1.6 56 ± 1.8 61 ± 2.5 0.037
Poverty Income Ratio (PIR) 3.0 ± 0.06 3.1 ± 0.06 3.2 ± 0.08 0.010
Physical Activity,% reporting in previous 30 daysa
  None 33 ± 1.5 30 ± 1.7 31 ± 1.7 0.136
  Moderate 32 ± 1.2 35 ± 1.4 33 ± 1.5 0.649
  Vigorous 35 ± 2.0 36 ± 1.7 37 ± 2.0 0.401
Watching TV/videos, h/da 2.3 ± 0.05 2.3 ± 0.05 2.4 ± 0.07 0.192
Smoking status,% yesa 31 ± 1.5 28 ± 1.9 28 ± 1.8 0.118
Usual macronutrient intake, nutrient/db
  Energy, kcal 2101 ± 17.1 2192 ± 24.0 2311 ± 27.8 < 0.0005
  Protein, g 85 ± 0.4 83 ± 0.4 79 ± 0.7 < 0.0005
  Carbohydrate, g 259 ± 1.4 263 ± 1.4 271 ± 1.8 < 0.0005
  Total sugars, g 116 ± 1.1 121 ± 1.4 130 ± 1.6 < 0.0005
  Added sugars, g 74 ± 1.4 80 ± 1.5 88 ± 1.7 < 0.0005
  Dietary fiber, g 15.9 ± 0.22 16.0 ± 0.19 15.6 ± 0.21 0.385
  Total fat, g 82.7 ± 0.44 84.8 ± 0.57 84.0 ± 0.52 0.015
  Saturated fat, g 27.3 ± 0.22 27.9 ± 0.18 28.0 ± 0.22 0.014
  Monounsaturated fat, g 30.4 ± 0.16 31.3 ± 0.24 31.2 ± 0.19 <0.0005
  Polyunsaturated fat, g 17.8 ± 0.11 18.5 ± 0.17 18.0 ± 0.21 0.181
  Cholesterol, mg 298 ± 3.5 279 ± 3.0 265 ± 3.3 < 0.0005
  Alcohol, g 21 ± 1.2 15 ± 1.2 15 ± 1.4 0.003

a Estimates based on available data; data missing for some subjects.

b Nutrient intakes adjusted for energy intake.

Murphy et al.

Murphy et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:53   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-53

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