Table 2

Odds ratios (OR) of elevated weight and adiposity status in adults 19+ y by frequency of candy consumption, NHANES 2003-2006
Body measure Frequency of candy consumption P for trend
≤ 3 EO/month > 3 EO/month and ≤ 3.5 EO/week > 3.5 EO/week
(Infrequent) (Moderate) (Frequent)
n OR 95% CI p-value n OR 95% CI p-value n OR 95% CI p-value
% obese
  Model 1a 2456 1.00 - - - - 1925 1.04 (0.84, 1.27) 0.720 1343 1.01 (0.8, 1.26) 0.954 0.880
  Model 2b 2251 1.00 - - - - 1787 1.02 (0.83, 1.24) 0.866 1220 1.01 (0.81, 1.27) 0.907 0.855
% overweight/obese
  Model 1a 2456 1.00 - - - - 1925 1.06 (0.9, 1.25) 0.490 1343 0.89 (0.76, 1.05) 0.153 0.319
  Model 2b 2251 1.00 - - - - 1787 1.00 (0.84, 1.18) 0.966 1220 0.89 (0.75, 1.05) 0.162 0.262
% with high waist circumferencec
  Model 1a 2413 1.00 - - - - 1893 0.97 (0.81, 1.18) 0.777 1316 0.96 (0.8, 1.16) 0.674 0.697
  Model 2b 2227 1.00 - - - - 1762 0.95 (0.79, 1.14) 0.566 1203 0.98 (0.82, 1.16) 0.799 0.741
% with skinfold thickness ≥95th percentiled
  Model 1a 1901 1.00 - - - - 1497 0.80 (0.49, 1.32) 0.375 1048 0.92 (0.56, 1.5) 0.733 0.612
  Model 2b 1745 1.00 - - - - 1391 0.87 (0.54, 1.41) 0.559 956 0.96 (0.55, 1.68) 0.874 0.736

a Adjusted for sex, age, and race/ethnicity.

b Adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, education, PIR, smoking (Y/N), physical activity, and time watching TV/videos.

c High waist circumference defined as ≥102 cm for men and ≥88 cm for women [39].

d 95th percentile of subscapular and triceps skinfold [40].

Murphy et al.

Murphy et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:53   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-53

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