Table 1

Contribution to dietary energy by specific food sources by age group, NHANES 2003-2008
6-11y (n=3,033) 12-19y (n=5,432) 20-50y (n=7,635) ≥51y (n=6,752)
Category1 calories % total calories % total calories % total calories % total p-value
Grain-based desserts 139 6.9 131 5.8 129 5.5 134 7.1 <0.001
Yeast breads 129 6.4 143 6.3 145 6.1 150 7.9 <0.001
Pizza 119 5.9 169 7.5 109 4.6 41 2.2 <0.001
Reduced fat milk 112 5.6 81 3.6 48 2.0 43 2.3 <0.001
Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 104 5.2 140 6.2 141 6.0 91 4.8 <0.001
Soda, energy and sports drinks 94 4.7 187 8.2 161 6.8 58 3.0 <0.001
Pasta and pasta mixed dishes 93 4.6 84 3.7 84 3.6 58 3.1 <0.001
Potato/corn/other chips 71 3.5 83 3.7 61 2.6 37 1.9 <0.001
Ready-to-eat cereals 71 3.5 62 2.7 40 1.7 45 2.4 <0.001
Dairy desserts 69 3.4 53 2.3 46 2.0 56 3.0 <0.001
Sausage, franks, bacon and ribs 60 3.0 49 2.2 59 2.5 52 2.7 <0.001
Whole milk 60 3.0 42 1.8 27 1.1 17 0.9 <0.001
Candy 57 2.9 62 2.7 50 2.1 38 2.0 <0.001
Beef and beef mixed dishes2 55 2.8 89 3.9 102 4.3 82 4.4 <0.001
Fruit drinks 55 2.7 57 2.5 37 1.5 18 0.9 <0.001
Mexican mixed dishes 50 2.5 81 3.6 85 3.6 35 1.9 <0.001
Regular cheese 50 2.5 57 2.5 61 2.6 43 2.3 0.039
Fried white potatoes 48 2.4 62 2.7 57 2.4 31 1.7 <0.001
Quickbreads 32 1.6 44 1.9 61 2.6 44 2.3 <0.001
Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 30 1.5 28 1.2 41 1.7 52 2.7 <0.001
Egg and egg mixed dishes 27 1.3 30 1.3 43 1.8 43 2.3 <0.001
Rice and rice mixed dishes 26 1.3 34 1.5 55 2.3 32 1.7 <0.001
Burgers2 25 1.2 45 2.0 36 1.5 16 0.8 <0.001
Alcoholic beverages 0 0.0 18 0.8 125 5.3 66 3.5 <0.0014
Others3 436 21.7 437 19.2 558 23.6 612 32.3 -

1 Sorted by total contribution among 6-11 year-olds (for comparison purposes), 2 Burgers, as defined in the database, can only come from quick-service restaurants. All burgers reported from store or full-service restaurants are composed of individual ingredients. Therefore, components of hamburgers/cheeseburgers will be present in the yeast breads, beef and beef mixed dishes, regular cheese and other food groupings, 3 Others include all categories contributing <1.3% of total energy for the entire population. 4 Hypothesis testing for alcoholic beverages only conducted for adults.

Drewnowski and Rehm

Drewnowski and Rehm Nutrition Journal 2013 12:59   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-59

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