Table 2

The relationship between areca nut chewing and metabolic syndrome by gender
Metabolic syndrome Metabolic syndrome
Males Females
Univariate analysis P-value Multivariate analysis * P-value Univariate analysis P-value Multivariate analysis * P-value
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Areca nut chewing
  Non users Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Raw areca nut chewers 2.74 (1.52-4.95) 0.001 2.85 (1.47-5.53) 0.002 3.80 (2.32-6.20) <0.001 4.22 (2.40-7.41) <0.001
  Areca nut with tobacco additives 5.46 (2.73-10.91) <0.001 5.41 (2.49-11.74) <0.001 4.32 (2.41-7.72) <0.001 4.37 (2.31-8.26) <0.001

*Multivariate models included age and social class.

Shafique et al.

Shafique et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:67   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-67

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