Table 3

Relationship between areca nut chewing and components of metabolic syndrome
Areca nut chewers
Non chewers Raw areca chewers Areca with tobacco additives P-value for trend
Total participants 722 231 117
Central Obesity
  Obese, n(%) 231 (32.0) 94 (40.7) 57 (48.7)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)a reference 1.46 (1.07-1.98) 2.02 (1.36-3.00) <0.001
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)b reference 1.42 (0.97-2.06) 1.65 (1.03-2.63) 0.015
Raised blood pressure
  Raised BP cases, n(%) 234 (32.4) 89 (38.5) 58 (49.6)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)a reference 1.31 (0.96-1.78) 2.05 (1.38-3.04) <0.001
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)b reference 1.23 (0.89-1.70) 1.87 (1.25-2.81) 0.003
Reduced HDL
  Reduced HDL cases, n(%) 233 (32.8) 104 (45.0) 58 (50.0)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)a reference 1.72 (1.27-2.33) 2.06 (1.39-3.06) <0.001
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)b reference 1.55 (1.11-2.17) 1.66 (1.09-2.54) 0.003
Hypertrigylceridemia
  Hypertriglyceridemia cases, n(%) 150 (20.8) 72 (31.2) 41 (35.0)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)a reference 1.73 (1.24-2.41) 2.06 (1.35-3.13) <0.001
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)b reference 1.82 (1.28-2.59) 2.04 (1.32-3.16) <0.001
Hyperglycemia
  Hyperglycemia cases, n(%) 88 (12.2) 43 (18.6) 26 (22.2)
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)a reference 1.65 (1.11-2.46) 2.06 (1.26-3.36) 0.001
  Odds Ratio (95% CI)b reference 1.48 (0.97-2.27) 1.80 (1.08-3.00) 0.011

a = unadjusted odds ratio, b = estimates adjusted for age, gender and social class.

Shafique et al.

Shafique et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:67   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-67

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