Table 1

Prevalence rates of anemia among indigenous children < 60 months according to geopolitical region, sex, age, and socioeconomic characteristics, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008–2009
Characteristic studied N Prevalence (%) PR CI 95%
Region
  Northeast 1211 41.06 1.00 Reference
  South/Southeast 765 47.95 1.17 0.95-1.44
  Central-West 1141 51.52 1.25 1.04-1.51
  North 2280 66.40 1.62 1.36-1.92
Child's sex
  Female 2635 49.60 1.00 Reference
  Male 2761 52.79 1.06 1.01-1.13
Child’s age (months) p = 0.000*
  6–11 673 80.24 1.00 Reference
  12–23 1198 68.21 0.85 0.78-0.92
  24–35 1170 48.78 0.61 0.55-0.67
  36–47 1239 39.42 0.49 0.44-0.55
  48–59 1117 32.86 0.41 0.36-0.47
Maternal schooling (years) p = 0.000*
  0 950 57.23 1.39 1.23-1.56
  1–4 2370 52.70 1.28 1.15-1.42
  5–9 1345 49.90 1.21 1.08-1.35
  ≥ 10 683 41.25 1.00 Reference
Regular income
  Yes 2217 48.97 1.00 Reference
  No 3168 52.86 1.08 1.01-1.15
Household goods index (tertile) p = 0.000*
  1st 1802 59.85 1.38 1.23-1.54
  2nd 2083 51.73 1.19 1.09-1.30
  3rd 1512 43.50 1.00 Reference

PR Prevalence ratio.

CI Confidence interval.

*χ2 test for linear trend.

Variable retained for multivariate analysis.

Leite et al.

Leite et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:69   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-69

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