Table 1

Mean nutritional composition of the control diet and the MedDieta
Nutrientsb Control diet MedDiet Pc
Energy, kJ 13179 ± 1936 - 13270 ± 1856 - 0.506
Lipids, g/d (%) 119.0 ± 17.5 (34.0%) 112.7 ± 15.8 (32.0%) <0.001
SFA, g/d (%) 45.5 ± 6.7 (13.0%) 23.7 ± 3.3 (6.7%) <0.001
MUFA, g/d (%) 46.0 ± 6.8 (13.2%) 63.8 ± 8.9 (18.1%) <0.001
PUFA, g/d (%) 18.2 ± 2.7 (5.2%) 16.7 ± 2.3 (4.7%) <0.001
TFA, g/d (%) 7.0 ± 1.0 (2.0%) 1.2 ± 0.2 (0.3%) <0.001
Cholesterol, mg/d 414.1 ± 60.8 - 367.3 ± 51.4 - <0.001
Carbohydrates, g/d (%) 380.9 ± 56.0 (48.4%) 396.4 ± 55.5 (50.0%) <0.001
Total fibers, g/d 25.2 ± 3.7 - 53.6 ± 7.5 - <0.001
Soluble fibers, g/d 9.2 ± 1.4 - 15.4 ± 2.2 - <0.001
Proteins, g/d (%) 133.8 ± 19.7 (17.0%) 134.7 ± 18.8 (17.0%) 0.525
Alcohol, g/d (%) 9.0 ± 1.3 (2.0%) 22.7 ± 3.2 (5.0%) <0.001
Sodium, mg/d 4406 ± 647 - 3853 ± 539 - <0.001

a Values are presented as mean ± SD or percentage of daily energy intake.

b SFA, saturated fatty acids; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; TFA, trans fatty acids.

cP value from the main effect of diet in the Mixed model (n = 26) for data expressed in g or mg/d. There is no variation in nutrient intake expressed in% of calories because all subjects received the same diet regimen based on a 2500 kcal/d menu.

Richard et al.

Richard et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:76   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-76

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