Effects of energy intake from fat on non-protein respiratory quotient and minimal hepatic encephalopathy. (A) There was a tendency of correlation between energy intake from fat relative to total energy intake at home and non-protein respiratory quotient (npRQ) day 1 (p = 0.11, r = 0.28). (B) The difference in energy intake from fat between at home and in hospital diets was significantly correlated with the alteration of npRQ day 1 and day 4 (p = 0.014, r = 0.41). (C) and (D). The relative energy intake from fat to total energy intake was 18.9 ± 3.8% in minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE)-positive cases and was significantly lower than 23.6 ± 4.2% in MHE-negative cases (p = 0.024). Even for the cases that were limited to 70-years old or older people, the energy intake from fat was 24.0 ± 4.6% in MHE-negative cases, which was significantly higher than MHE-positive cases (p = 0.040).
Yamada et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:79 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-79