Table 1

Energy and macronutrient intake of the study participants (mean and SD)
Variable Vegetarians (n = 69) Omnivores (n = 69) P-value*
Energy (kcal) 2070 (570) 2120 (585) 0.612
Proteins (g) 66.4 (18.4) 79.3 (23.5) <0.001
Fat (g) 68.1 (22.5) 81.0 (29.8) 0.005
Saturated fatty acids (g) 22.2 (10.0) 30.2 (12.3) <0.001
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids (g) 20.8 (9.2) 31.0 (13.2) <0.001
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids (g) 14.2 (6.7) 13.7 (6.8) 0.707
Cholesterol (mg) 116.0 (84.1) 213.5 (97.3) <0.001
Carbohydrates (g) 286.6 (92.0) 254.9 (75.6) 0.029
Fibres (g) 29.0 (12.5) 16.6 (5.3) <0.001
Alcohol (g) 0.9 (1.6) 6.8 (17.8) <0.001
Proteins (energy-percent) 13.0 (2.2) 15.2 (3.1) <0.001
Fat (energy-percent) 29.8 (6.6) 33.8 (7.6) 0.001
Saturated fatty acids (energy-percent) 9.7 (3.2) 12.6 (3.4) <0.001
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids (energy-percent) 9.1 (3.3) 12.9 (4.1) <0.001
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids (energy-percent) 6.3 (2.8) 5.7 (2.1) 0.163
Carbohydrates (energy-percent) 55.2 (7.3) 48.4 (7.4) <0.001

* Mann–Whitney U test.

Clarys et al.

Clarys et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:82   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-82

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