Table 3

Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and intakes for the different components (mean and SD) for vegetarians and omnivores
MDS Mean intake
Vegetarians Omnivores Vegetarians Omnivores
Component n(%) n(%) Mean ± SD Mean ± SD P*
Cereals 29 (42) 40 (58) 292.5 ± 138.2 g 354.6 ± 197.6 g 0.034
Vegetables 40 (58) 29 (42) 207.5 ± 151.0 g 190.7 ± 162.5 g 0.531
Fruits and nuts 41 (59) 28 (41) 264.3 ± 227.8 g 163.8 ± 159.1 g 0.003
Legumes 19 (28) 12 (17) 12.8 ± 31.6 g 5.4 ± 15.3 g 0.082
Dairy 26 (38) 43 (62) 256.1 ± 182.3 g 165.0 ± 161.2 g <0.002
Fish 0 (0) 39 (57) 0.0 38.6 ± 55.3 g <0.001
MUFA/SFA 34 (49) 35 (51) 1.03 ± 0.47 0.99 ± 0.31 0.538
Meat 69 (100) 0 (0) 0.0 158.8 ± 68.4 g <0.001
Alcohol 39 (57) 30 (43) 0.9 ± 1.6 g 6.8 ± 17.8 g 0.007
Total MDS 4.3 ±1.3 3.8 ±1.4 0.040

n (%) = number and percentage of subjects reaching the median; * Mann–Whitney U test for intake and Total MDS comparison between vegetarians and omnivores.

Clarys et al.

Clarys et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:82   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-82

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