Table 7

Regression model estimating change in energy intake associated with adding caloric beverages in place of non-caloric beverages
Model 1
B P value 95% Confidence interval for B
Lower Upper
(Constant) 1040 <0.0001 852 1227
Sex -female −371 <0.0001 −414 −328
Age (years) −1.6 0.044 −3.1 0.0
current smoker −63 0.001 −100 −25
weight (kg) 7.2 <0.0001 6.0 8.4
Dieting −67 0.005 −114 −20
Activity (MET) 147 <0.0001 104 190
Valid reporter 659 <0.0001 617 700
Total beverages (100 g/d) 11 <0.0001 10 12
4caloricbeverages (100 g)* 15 <0.0001 10 20
Model 2, Keeping Food Constant
B P value 95% Confidence Interval for B
Lower Upper
(Constant) 62 0.01 15 109
Sex -female −20 0.001 −31 −8
Age (years) 0.4 0.023 0.6 0.8
current smoker 16 0.001 7 26
weight (kg) 0.2 0.241 −0.1 0.5
Dieting 1 0.826 −10 13
Activity (MET) −4 0.513 −14 7
Valid reporter 40 <0.0001 28 53
Food (kcal) 0.97 <0.0001 0.96 0.98
Total beverages (100 g) 2 <0.0001 1 3
4caloricbeverages (100 g)* 34 <0.0001 33 36

* 4caloric beverages = sum of milk, fruit juice, caloric soft drinks and alcoholic drinks.

Gibson and Shirreffs

Gibson and Shirreffs Nutrition Journal 2013 12:9   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-9

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