Table 5

Frequency and trimester of consumption
Substance consumed Frequency (displayed as % of women reporting intake) Trimester (displayed as % of women reporting intake)
1-3 entire preg. 1-3/month 1-3/week 4-6/week 7+/week 1 2 3 1,2,3 1,2 2,3 1,3
Food
Meat 5.2 12.9 51.5 22.2 8.2 9.9 9.4 3.6 66.1 2.6 7.8 0.5
Fish 41.4 38.6 16.6 2.8 0.7 12.3 27.5 8.7 31.2 4.3 14.5 1.4
Fruit 2.6 3.6 28 34.7 31.1 6.3 4.2 1.6 77 3.1 7.3 0.5
Canned foods 28 31.5 28.7 9.8 2.1 16.5 11.5 5 48.9 6.5 10.1 1.4
Sugary desserts 10.6 39.2 37 10.1 3.2 8.1 14 9.7 53.2 2.2 12.9 0
Fast foods 19.1 47.5 25.7 5.5 2.2 8.9 15.1 10.1 43 7.8 15.1 0
Beverage
Water 1.5 0.5 3.1 6.7 88.2 5.8 3.2 0.5 85.8 2.1 2.1 0.5
Milk 2.2 8.2 23 35.5 31.1 6 4.4 1.1 71.4 4.9 11.5 0.5
Juice 2.8 11.7 35.8 30.7 19 7.4 6.3 2.8 68.8 6.3 8 0.6
Caffeine 14 30.7 40.7 11.3 3.3 10.9 15.4 8.3 40.4 5.1 18.6 1.1
Beer/wine 88.9 11.1 0 0 0 50 30 10 0 10 0 0
Mixed drinks/liquor 100 0 0 0 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0
Medication
Over-the-counter 53.7 31.3 7.5 3 4.5 19.3 21.7 13.3 28.9 6 7.2 3.6
Prescription 7.1 5.3 1.8 8.8 76.1 10.9 2 2 72.8 6.1 4.1 2

Frequency of consumption for foods, beverages, and medications and with trimester for which frequency data is applicable. All values are percentages of women who reported intake of a given item. Frequency values are listed as percentages for number of women who reported consuming a given item 1-3 times during their entire pregnancy, 1-3 times per month, 1-3 times per week, 4-6 times per week, or 7 or more times per week (n = 10-194). Trimester values are listed as percentages for number of women who reported consuming a given item during the first, second, or third trimester only, all three trimesters, or two of the three trimesters. (n=10-200).

Santiago et al.

Santiago et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:91   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-91

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