Table 2

Background data of study subjects
Variable All (n = 546) Females (n = 370) Males (n = 176)
Intima-media thickness (μm) 552 ± 69 544 ± 70 567 ± 66
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 4.9 26.6 ± 5.2 27.2 ± 3.9
Age (years) 41.9 ± 2.8 41.9 ± 2.7 42.1 ± 3.0
Sex (% females) 67 ± 47 100 -
Current or former smoker (%) 48 ± 50 45 ± 50 55 ± 50
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 125 ± 14 122 ± 14 129 ± 13
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77 ± 11 76 ± 11 80 ± 11
Pulse pressure (mmHg) 48 ± 6 47 ± 6 50 ± 6
All physical activity (mins/week) 479 ± 380 515 ± 397 406 ± 332
Energy intake (kJ/day) 8413 ± 1994 7944 ± 1807 9398 ± 2014
Fat intake (g/day) 80 ± 26 76 ± 26 88 ± 25
Saturated fat intake (g/day) 29 ± 11 28 ± 11 32 ± 11
Phosphorus intake (mg/day) 1617 ± 428 1532 ± 378 1795 ± 469
Calcium intake (mg/day) * 1199 ± 453 1195 ±435 1207 ± 489
Vitamin D intake (ug/day) * 9.1 ± 8.6 9.4 ± 9.3 8.4 ± 6.8
Energy-adjusted phosphorus intake (mg/MJ/day) 194 ± 36 195 ± 37 192 ± 34
FAP intake score 3.2 ± 1.4 3.1 ± 1.3 3.6 ± 1.4

Values are presented as mean ± SD. * supplements included; FAP Food additive phosphate.

Itkonen et al.

Itkonen et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:94   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-94

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