Table 1

Baseline demographic characteristics and biochemical variables by peanut and control groups
Peanut (n = 30) Control (n = 30)
Characteristic Mean SD Mean SD
Age (years) 59 13 64 12
Gender
 Female 13 (57%) 17 (43%)
 Male 17 (43%) 13 (57%)
Race
 Caucasian 21 (70%) 18 (60%)
 Hispanic 4 (13%) 9 (30%)
 African American 0 (0%) 3 (10%)
 Asian 5 (17%) 0 (0%)
Duration of diabetes (months) 52.8 (42.9) 72.6 (68.8)
Antidiabetic treatment
 Diet alone 7 (23%) 4 (13%)
 Metformin alone 12 (40%) 12 (40%)
 Sulfonylurea (SU) alone 1 (3%) 4 (13%)
 Metformin and SU combination 4 (13%) 3 (10%)
 Metformin and thiazolidinedione combination 3 (10%) 2 (7%)
 Other medication combination 3 (10%) 5 (17%)
Weight (kg) 86.0 24.8 90.4 19.3
BMI (kg/m2) 31.1 6.9 33.4 6.8
Waist circumference (cm) 104.3 19.6 110.9 18.5
Plasma lipids, mmol/l
 Total cholesterol 4.39 1.01 4.33 0.78
 LDL cholesterol 2.28 0.85 2.23 0.57
 HDL cholesterol 1.30 0.49 1.22 0.39
 Triglycerides 1.56 0.62 1.92 0.96
Total cholesterol:HDL cholesterol 3.55 1.05 3.74 0.94
LDL cholesterol:HDL cholesterol 1.92 0.87 1.92 0.59
HbA1c (%) 6.6 0.6 6.6 0.6
Glucose, mmol/l 6.27 1.39 6.55 1.22

BMI, body mass index; LDL, low density lipoprotein; HDL, high density lipoprotein.

Values are means ± SD or n (%).

Bivariate statistical analysis using the chi-square test for differences in proportions and two-sided independent t-tests were performed on baseline characteristics using a probability value of 0.05. All between group baseline characteristics were P > 0.05.

Wien et al.

Wien et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:10   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-10

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