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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Health habits and other characteristics of dietary supplement users: a review

Annette Dickinson1* and Douglas MacKay2

Author Affiliations

1 President, Dickinson Consulting LLC, 3432 Denmark Avenue, #350, St. Paul, MN 55123, USA

2 V.P., Scientific and Regulatory Affairs, Council for Responsible Nutrition, 1828 L Street, N.W., Suite 510, Washington, D.C 20036, USA

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Nutrition Journal 2014, 13:14  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-14

Published: 6 February 2014

Abstract

Dietary supplements are used by half to two-thirds of American adults, and the evidence suggests that this usage is one component of a larger effort to develop a healthier lifestyle. Dietary supplement users tend on average to be better educated and to have somewhat higher incomes than nonusers, and these factors may contribute to their health-consciousness. Dietary supplement use also tends to be more prevalent among women than among men, and the prevalence of use increases with age in both men and women. Numerous surveys document that users of dietary supplements are significantly more likely than nonusers to have somewhat better dietary patterns, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, and avoid tobacco products. While supplement users tend to have better diets than nonusers, the differences are relatively small, their diets have some substantial nutrient shortfalls, and their supplement use has been shown to improve the adequacy of nutrient intakes. Overall, the evidence suggests that users of dietary supplements are seeking wellness and are consciously adopting a variety of lifestyle habits that they consider to contribute to healthy living.

Keywords:
Dietary supplements; Healthy habits; Surveys of supplement use