Table 2

Anthropometric, echographic and laboratory data of the cohort categorized according to frequency of consumption of fish1
Frequency of fish intake (number of servings/week)
< 1 1 ≥ 2 P2
(n = 231) (n = 373) (n = 357)
Age (years) 47 ± 14 48 ± 14 50 ± 15 0.003
Body weight (kg) 72.1 ± 1.1 74.6 ± 0.8 73.6 ± 0.9 0.17
BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 0.3 28.0 ± 0.3 27.9 ± 0.3 0.58
Circumferences:
   Waist (cm) 93.6 ± 0.9 94.8 ± 0.7 94.2 ± 0.7 0.57
   Hip (cm) 104.8 ± 0.8 104.2 ± 0.6 105.0 ± 0.7 0.66
   Waist-to-hip ratio 0.89 ± 0.06 1.03 ± 0.05 0.92 ± 0.05 0.14
Systolic BP (mmHg) 129 ± 1 129 ± 1 130 ± 1 0.52
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 79 ± 1 78 ± 1 78 ± 1 0.67
Pulse pressure (mmHg) 50 ± 1 51 ± 1 52 ± 1 0.20
Heart rate (beats/min) 75 ± 1 74 ± 1 74 ± 1 0.18
c-IMT (mm) 0.63 ± 0.01 0.66 ± 0.01 0.65 ± 0.01 0.22
c-IMT ≥0.9 mm, (%) 13.2 12.0 6.5 0.002
Carotid plaques, (%) 10.1 9.2 6.1 0.06
Carotid atherosclerosis3, (%) 13.3 12.1 6.6 0.003
Random capillary blood glucose (mg/dl) 89 ± 1 89 ± 1 87 ± 1 0.95
n = 221 n = 353 n = 342
Blood concentration of n = 124 n = 216 n = 167
   Glycated hemoglobin (%) 5.6 ± 0.04 5.6 ± 0.03 5.6 ± 0.03 0.63
   Glucose (mg/dL) 90 ± 1 91 ± 1 90 ± 1 0.95
   Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 212 ± 3 210 ± 3 217 ± 3 0.25
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 59 ± 1 59 ± 1 61 ± 1 0.21
   Triglycerides (mg/dL) 103 ± 4 101 ± 3 100 ± 4 0.86
   LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 133 ± 3 132 ± 2 136 ± 3 0.51
   Uric acid (mg/dL) 4.8 ± 0.1 5.1 ± 0.1 4.9 ± 0.1 0.08
   Insulin (μU/mL) 10.0 ± 0.5 9.3 ± 0.4 9.5 ± 0.5 0.65
HOMA-I 2.29 ± 0.14 2.14 ± 0.11 2.18 ± 0.12 0.69
QUIKI 0.35 ± 0 0.35 ± 0 0.35 ± 0 0.73
   Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.82 ± 0.02 0.85 ± 0.01 0.82 ± 0.02 0.33
GFR
   Cockorft-Gault (mL/min) 104.8 ± 2.5 105.4 ± 2.0 105.8 ± 2.2 0.95
   MDRD (mL/min/1.73 m2) 93.2 ± 1.6 91.2 ± 1.2 93.2 ± 1.4 0.47

1All data are reported as age-adjusted estimates means ± SE or percentages.

2Generalized ANCOVA.

3c-IMT ≥0.9 mm and/or presence of carotid plaque.

BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; GFR, glomerular filtration rate; HDL, high-density lipoproteins; HOMA-I, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; c-IMT, carotid intima-media thickness; MDRD, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study; LDL, low-density lipoproteins; QUIKI, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index.

Buscemi et al.

Buscemi et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-2

Open Data