Table 3

Multivariate-adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) of asymptomatic carotid atherosclerosis determined by fish intake and other factors potentially associated with occurrence of atherosclerosis
Effect OR 95% CI
Age (y) 1.12 1.09 – 1.15
Gender (M vs. F) 1.44 0.92 – 2.24
Smoking status:
   Former vs. never smoker 1.35 0.77 – 2.35
   Current vs. never smoker 1.04 0.63 – 1.73
Dietary pattern:
   Intermediate vs. Mediterranean 1.19 0.74 – 1.92
   Unhealthy vs. Mediterranean 1.20 0.63 – 2.27
Frequency of fish intake:
   1 vs. <1 servings/week 0.92 0.53 – 1.60
   ≥ 2 vs. <1 servings/week 0.52 0.29 – 0.92
Physical activity level:
   Light vs. none 1.0 0.64 – 1.56
   Moderate/heavy vs. none 0.71 0.33 – 1.50
Use of statins: yes vs. no 1.27 0.65 – 2.48
Hypertension on treatment: yes vs. no 1.86 1.19 – 2.92
Pulse pressure (mmHg) 1.03 1.01 – 1.04

Buscemi et al.

Buscemi et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-2

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