Table 2

Median (10th , 90th percentile) of the initial 36 defined food groups at baseline and at follow-up in the Zutphen Elderly Study (N = 467)
Food groups (number of aggregated food groups)* Food consumption (g/d) 1985 Food consumption (g/d) 1990 Spearman correlation
Low-fibre bread (17) 20 (0,113) 21 (0,100) 0.55
High-fibre bread (21) 99 (0,183) 102 (10,188) 0.65
Low-fibre cereals (28) 8 (0,41) 10 (0,46) 0.26
High-fibre cereals (29) 0 (0,13) 0 (0,23) 0.38
Potatoes (4) 154 (69,286) 125 (63,212) 0.51
Potato products (24) 0 (0,5) 0 (0,11) 0.14
Legumes (31) 0 (0,26) 0 (0,26) 0.28
Vegetables (190) 173 (105,266) 151 (91,234) 0.38
Fruit (82) 143 (26,328) 174 (42,361) 0.49
Fruit juices (23) 0 (0,120) 0 (0,120) 0.31
High-fat meat (64) 29 (0,61) 20 (0,50) 0.38
Low-fat meat (88) 54 (20,102) 56 (23,101) 0.36
Meat products (87)+ 20 (1,50) 18 (0,47) 0.44
Organ meat (8) 0 (0,5) 0 (0,2) 0.17
Fatty fish (9) 0 (0,18) 0 (0,16) 0.40
Lean fish (35) 8 (0,31) 5 (0,29) 0.43
Egg and egg products (7) 16 (2,35) 14 (4,31) 0.47
Cheese (44) 29 (8,65) 22 (6,59) 0.37
High-fat milk products (57) 109 (0,450) 92 (1,418) 0.48
Low-fat milk products (56) 86 (0,470) 161 (0,543) 0.56
Healthy fats (3) 2 (0,31) 10 (0,40) 0.46
Unhealthy fats (33) 33 (9,71) 22 (6,53) 0.50
Soup (37) 18 (0,114) 9 (0,98) 0.24
Sauce (39) 0 (0,5) 1 (0,8) 0.19
Ready to eat meat snacks (20) 0 (0,1) 0 (0,8) 0.24
Ready to eat meals (83) 0 (0,10) 0 (0,28) 0.19
Sugar and sweets (117) 51 (10,109) 51 (11,108) 0.59
Cake and biscuits (64) 34 (3,78) 32 (7,71) 0.58
Savoury snacks (13) 0 (0,3) 0 (0,4) 0.34
Nuts and seeds (21) 0 (0,20) 1 (0,13) 0.40
Energy free beverages (19)§ 856 (500,1375) 823 (468,1272) 0.54
Sugar sweetened beverages (16) 0 (0,71) 0 (0,101) 0.30
Beer (3) 0 (0,149) 0 (0,129) 0.52
Wine (6) 0 (0,50) 0 (0,64) 0.53
Light alcoholic beverages (10)| 0 (0,15) 0 (0,11) 0.54
Strong alcoholic beverages (11) 10 (0,100) 1 (0,70) 0.71

*Food groups included in the final RRR analyses after backwards regression are presented in bold (an extensive list of food grouping can be provided by contacting the corresponding author).

+Meat products include products e.g. salami, ham, bacon.

Healthy fats are defined as fats high in linoleic acid and unhealthy fats as high in saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids.

§Energy free beverages include e.g. water, coffee, tea and light drinks.

|Light alcoholic beverages include e.g. Campari, Port, Sherry, Shandy.

Strong alcoholic beverages include e.g. Jenever, whiskey, rum, cognac.

Jankovic et al.

Jankovic et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:30   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-30

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