Table 3

Outcome measurements of participants taking either rice bran fermented with Lentinus edodes (RBEP) or placebo1
RBEP (n = 40) Placebo (n = 37)
Week 0 Week 4 Week 8 Week 0 Week 4 Week 8
Natural killer cell activity (%) 11.48 ± 7.93 14.44 ± 6.66 14.67 ± 7.62 9.96 ± 6.42 12.50 ± 6.23 15.25 ± 7.97
Interferon-γ (pg/mL) 27.98 ± 15.10 28.48 ± 14.47 35.56 ± 17.662 26.19 ± 11.61 26.14 ± 11.55 27.04 ± 12.512
Interleukin-2 (pg/mL) 5.66 ± 7.22 5.63 ± 6.42 4.51 ± 3.99 5.97 ± 11.95 9.04 ± 28.90 4.94 ± 5.73
Interleukin-4 (pg/mL) 0.07 ± 0.06 0.08 ± 0.08 0.08 ± 0.09 0.08 ± 0.12 0.08 ± 0.13 0.08 ± 0.11
Interleukin-10 (pg/mL) 2.63 ± 9.14 3.83 ± 13.10 1.53 ± 5.14 9.30 ± 44.63 9.26 ± 44.14 8.59 ± 43.59
Interleukin-12 (pg/mL) 16.91 ± 62.78 20.55 ± 73.79 9.33 ± 24.32 11.12 ± 36.21 12.77 ± 40.62 10.62 ± 37.61
Tumor necrosis factor-α (pg/mL) 0.66 ± 0.64 0.91 ± 0.88 0.57 ± 0.53 0.57 ± 0.50 0.77 ± 0.65 0.49 ± 0.37

1Values shown are means ± standard deviation.

2P-values < 0.05 for differences between the RBEP and placebo groups from weeks 0 to 8 were determined using the independent t-test.

Choi et al.

Choi et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:35   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-35

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