Table 2

Annual change in body weight (kg) and waist circumference (cm) pr. 100 mg/day higher ascorbic acid intake in the three cohorts
N Crude β (95% CI)1 % weight3 Adjusted β (95% CI)2 % weight
Annual weight change (kg)
MONICA 1,329 −0.024 (−0.097 to 0.049) 36.38 −0.018 (−0.093 to 0.057) 36.84
DCH 2,167 −0.103 (−0.192 to −0.015) 24.71 −0.082 (−0.172 to 0.009) 25.11
INTER99 4,073 −0.035 (−0.106 to 0.035) 38.91 0.035 (−0.039 to 0.108) 38.05
Overall 7,569 −0.048 (−0.092 to −0.004) 100 −0.014 (−0.059 to 0.031) 100
Annual waist change (cm)
DCH 2,128 −0.119 (−0.246 to 0.007) 32.82 −0.111 (−0.219 to 0.003) 26.28
INTER99 3,536 −0.010 (−0.098 to 0.079) 67.12 0.010 (−0.074 to 0.055) 73.72
Overall 5,664 −0.046 (−0.118 to 0.027) 100 −0.034 (−0.089 to 0.021) 100

1Adjusted for baseline outcome and height.

2Adjusted for baseline outcome, height, sex, age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, education and menopausal status for women. Analysis with change in waist circumference adjusted for concurrent weight change.

3Estimates were calculated in MONICA, DCH and INTER99 using linear regression and meta-analysed using a fixed effect meta-analysis approach. Individual cohorts were weighted based on the inverses of their variances (% weight).

Larsen et al.

Larsen et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:43   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-43

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