Table 3

Association of parental education, students’ residence area and breakfast consumption with overweight (OwO) – (multiple logistic regression), Italy, 2010
Prevalence of overweight including obesity (OwO)
11 y 13 y 15 y All age group
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI) OwO% OR (95% CI)
Parental educational level
Less than high school 34.4 1.52* (1.18-1.96) 24.3 2.05* (1.47-2.85) 28.6 1.62* (1.19-2.20) 21.7 2.02* (1.44-2.82) 32.0 1.82* (1.37-2.42) 16.7 2.17* (1.54-3.08) 31.5 1.63* (1.38-1.91) 20.4 2.07* (1.70-2.51)
High school 26.8 1.16 (0.91-1.48) 18.5 1.54* (1.09-2.16) 25.3 1.48* (1.11-1.97) 15.7 1.46* (1.02-2.09) 24.4 1.28 (1.00-1.64) 10.6 1.34 (0.94-1.92) 25.3 1.27* (1.10-1.48) 14.2 1.39* (1.14-1.70)
University 22.9 Referent group 12.5 Referent group 18.3 Referent group 11.3 Referent group 19.8 Referent group 7.9 Referent group 20.5 Referent group 10.4 Referent group
Residence area
North 18.9 Referent group 13.3 Referent group 18.5 Referent group 11.9 Referent group 18.8 Referent group 7.1 Referent group 18.7 Referent group 10.8 Referent group
Centre 25.8 1.68* (1.20-2.35) 16.3 1.56* (1.09-2.22) 20.3 1.25 (0.91-1.71) 13.7 1.43* (1.01-2.03) 20.3 1.26 (0.97-1.63) 13.8 2.45* (1.73-3.47) 22.1 1.35* (1.14-1.61) 14.5 1.73* (1.40-2.13)
South 36.2 2.49* (1.91-3.24) 24.1 2.07* (1.52-2.82) 31.2 1.77* (1.37-2.27) 20.4 2.03* (1.51-2.73) 31.3 2.02* (1.57-2.58) 14.1 2.08* (1.54-2.80) 33.0 2.05* (1.77-2.38) 19.2 2.04* (1.70-2.44)
Breakfast consumption
Daily 24.9 Referent group 13.5 Referent group 22.0 Referent group 13.1 Referent group 21.5 Referent group 8.4 Referent group 23.0 Referent group 12.7 Referent group
Less than daily 32.1 1.33* (1.07-1.65) 22.8 1.88* (1.44-2.44) 28.0 1.29* (1.01-1.63) 19.3 1.61* (1.28-2.01) 28.5 1.41* (1.11-1.77) 13.9 1.71* (1.34-2.19) 29.5 1.33* (1.16-1.51) 18.0 1.58* (1.38-1.82)

Odd ratios and 95% CIs were calculated from logistic regression models stratified by age and gender. Each model was adjusted simultaneously for parental education, breakfast consumption and students’ residence area.

*p < 0.05.

Lazzeri et al.

Lazzeri et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:69   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-69

Open Data