Table 2

Maternal and paternal characteristics and maternal nutrient intakes associated with neonatal anthropometry – adjusted for maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, education level, length of gestation and neonate gender1, 2
B SEB p-value R2adj F p-value
Birth Weight
Gestational weight Gain 23.220 6.040 0.000 0.233 11.547 0.000
Length
Mother baseline smoker −6.220 1.490 0.000 0.278 6.193 0.000
Abdominal Circumference
Trimester 3 SFA3 (%TE) 0.147 0.050 0.004 0.055 2.484 0.019
Trimester 3 PUFA4 (%TE) −0.184 0.099 0.065
Thigh Circumference
Baseline strenuous physical activity −0.706 0.257 0.014 0.467 4.365 0.008
Chest Circumference
Maternal weight booking 0.150 0.080 0.080 0.377 2.906 0.039
Baseline strenuous physical activity −0.820 0.286 0.012
Subscap skinfold thickness
Trimester 3 PUFA4 (%TE) −0.140 0.074 0.062 0.050 2.301 0.038
Subscapular:Triceps skinfold ratio
well-being% score −0.003 0.001 0.006 0.051 2.410 0.030
Waist Circumference:Length Ratio
Maternal age −0.002 0.001 0.010
Baseline mother smoker 0.083 0.018 0.000
Baseline mother arm circumference 0.005 0.002 0.046
Trimester 2 glycaemic load 0.003e−1 0.000 0.059 0.381 8.003 <0.001
Postprandial glucose at 28 weeks 0.007 0.003 0.036
Trimester 3 SFA3 (%TE) 0.004 0.001 0.001
Group 0.019 0.008 0.021
Waist Circumference:Length Ratio (adjusted for definite underreporting)
Maternal age −0.002 0.001 0.008
Baseline mother smoker 0.096 0.018 <0.001
Baseline mother arm circumference 0.005 0.002 0.025 0.401 8.594 <0.001
Postprandial glucose at 28 weeks 0.006 0.003 0.050
Trimester 3 SFA3 (%TE) 0.003 0.001 0.005
Group 0.028 0.010 0.007

1Well-established influences on neonatal size, 2Group affiliation was also included in all models as this study was a randomised control trial. %TE denotes percentage of total energy. Multiple regression analysis was used in this analysis and only statistically significant overall models were included. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Abbreviations: 3SFA, saturated fatty acids; 4PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Horan et al.

Horan et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:78   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-78

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