Table 3

Maternal and paternal characteristics and maternal nutrient intakes associated with neonatal anthropometry-unadjusted analysis
B SE p-value R2
Birth Weight
Maternal weight booking (kg) 6.506 1.286 0.000 0.032
Maternal height (cm) 3.548 1.488 0.017 0.006
Paternal height (cm) 7.458 2.838 0.009 0.012
Maternal mid-upper arm circumference (cm) 18.656 5.223 0.000 0.016
Gestational weight gain (kg) 15.676 4.863 0.001 0.025
BMI1 booking (kg/m2) 11.752 3.717 0.002 0.012
Birth Length
Paternal height (cm) 0.076 0.038 0.049 0.024
Attend gym (y/n) −1.193 0.531 0.026 0.021
Mother baseline smoker (y/n) 2.724 0.964 0.005 0.031
Mother living with partner (y/n) −1.350 0.507 0.008 0.027
Trimester 2 protein (%TE) 0.131 0.055 0.017 0.025
Trimester 2 carbohydrate (%TE) −0.068 0.032 0.034 0.019
Abdominal Circumference
Maternal weight booking (kg) 0.021 0.010 0.030 0.014
Trimester 1 SFA2 (%TE) 0.100 0.047 0.035 0.015
Trimester 3 SFA2 (%TE) 0.118 0.042 0.006 0.030
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.215 0.080 0.008 0.027
Thigh Circumference
Group (intervention vs control) 0.404 0.200 0.044 0.012
Baseline strenuous physical activity (freq/wk) −0.851 0.295 0.008 0.220
Chest Circumference
Maternal weight booking (kg) 0.025 0.012 0.036 0.013
Baseline strenuous physical activity (freq/wk) −0.882 0.356 0.020 0.166
Baseline attend gym (y/n) −1.170 0.505 0.021 0.019
Hip Circumference
Maternal weight booking (kg) 0.030 0.010 0.004 0.028
Maternal mid-upper arm circ4 booking (cm) 0.125 0.043 0.004 0.029
Maternal BMI1 booking (kg/m2) 0.082 0.030 0.007 0.024
Mid-Upper Arm Circumference
Baseline strenuous physical activity (freq/wk) −0.511 0.226 0.033 0.137
Trimester 2 protein (%TE) −0.060 0.030 0.046 0.013
Subscapular skinfold thickness
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.163 0.062 0.009 0.030
Triceps skinfold thickness
Trimester 1 Glycaemic Index −0.067 0.032 0.037 0.018
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.142 0.064 0.027 0.021
Biceps skinfold thickness
Living with partner (y/n) 0.569 0.284 0.046 0.014
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.125 0.061 0.042 0.017
Sum of All skinfold thicknesses
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.512 0.217 0.019 0.024
Waist:Hip Circumference Ratio
Baseline mild physical activity (freq/wk) −0.004 0.002 0.038 0.018
Timester 2 SFA2 (%TE) 0.003 0.001 0.028 0.017
Sum of Triceps and Subscapular skinfold thickness
Trimester 3 PUFA3 (%TE) −0.305 0.112 0.007 0.033
Subscapular:Triceps skinfold thickness ratio
Percentage mood score −0.003 0.001 0.010 0.029
Waist Circumference:Length ratio
Maternal age (yrs) −0.002 0.001 0.023 0.022
Baseline strenuous physical activity (freq/wk) −0.019 0.007 0.013 0.232
Baseline smoker (y/n) −0.072 0.017 0.000 0.070
Maternal mid-upper arm circ4 booking (cm) 0.002 0.001 0.031 0.018
Trimester 2 glycaemic load 0.000 0.000 0.005 0.039
Postprandial glucose at 28 weeks (mmol/l) 0.004 0.002 0.018 0.021
Trimester 2% energy from protein (%TE) −0.002 0.001 0.016 0.026
Trimester 2% energy from SFA2 (%TE) 0.002 0.001 0.050 0.016
Trimester 3 SFA2 (%TE) 0.003 0.001 0.006 0.035
Trimester 3 PUFA2 (%TE) −0.005 0.002 0.020 0.024

“n” denotes number, %TE denotes percentage of total energy. Simple Linear Regression was used in this analysis and only statistically significant associations were included in this table. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. There were no statistically significant associations with neonatal thigh skinfold thickness, therefore this variable is not included in the above table.

Abbreviations: 1BMI, body mass index; 2SFA, saturated fatty acids; 3PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; 4circ, circumference.

Horan et al.

Horan et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:78   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-78

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