Table 2

Results from the multivariate analysis that was developed to evaluate the coronary risk (odds ratio; 95% confidence interval) in subjects with the metabolic syndrome

Odds ratio

95% Confidence interval


Adoption of Mediterranean diet (yes vs. no)

0.77

0.645 – 0.918

Age of participants (1-year)

1.03

1.004 – 1.054

Male sex

2.02

1.079 – 3.787

Hypercholesterolemia (presence vs. absence)

6.00

3.720 – 9.686

Family history of CHD (yes vs. no)

5.16

3.016 – 8.837

Low vs. high income

1.69

1.166 – 2.392

Diabetes mellitus (presence vs. absence)

1.67

1.072 – 2.925

Current smoking habits (yes vs. no)

2.40

1.522 – 3.790

Physical activity vs. sedentary

0.89

0.839 – 0.945

Obesity (presence vs. absence)

1.05

0.641 – 1.312


Pitsavos et al. Nutrition Journal 2003 2:1   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-2-1

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