Table 1

Characteristics of the study's population

ACS Patients

Controls

Males

Females

Males

Females

P-value


Number

700 (82%)

148 (18%)

862 (80%)

216 (20%)

Age (years)

59.1 ± 10

65.3 ± 9

58.8 ± 10

64.8 ± 10

Education

0.012

Group I (0 – 9 yrs)

406

58%

114

77%

474

55%

147

68%

Group II (10 – 14 yrs)

182

26%

31

21%

198

23%

41

19%

Group III (> 14 yrs)

112

16%

3

2%

190

22%

28

13%

Current smoking

525

75%

44

30%

500

58%

54

25%

< 0.001

Pack years

39.9 ± 14

13.1 ± 9

21.5 ± 13

5.2 ± 6

< 0.001

Hypertension

308

44%

102

69%

216

25%

69

32%

< 0.001

Hypercholesterolemia

413

59%

40

27%

586

68%

67

31%

< 0.001

Diabetes mellitus

168

24%

15

10%

267

31%

17

8%

< 0.001

Family history of CHD

308

44%

77

52%

129

15%

39

18%

< 0.001

Body mass index (Kg/m2)

27.4 ± 4

27.1 ± 4

27.1 ± 3

26.7 ± 2

0.120

Physical activity

252

36%

37

25%

371

43%

84

39%

0.003

Alcohol consumption

336

48%

25

17%

379

44%

30

14%

0.024


Comparisons were based on the chi-squared test and the Wilcoxon criterion. P-value is for group differences after controlling for gender.

Panagiotakos et al. Nutrition Journal 2003 2:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-2-2

Open Data