Table 2

Comparison of reported dietary intake (excluding supplements) between the Mediterranean Diet (MD) group and the Control Diet (CD) group. The reported dietary intake is based on the diet histories performed between study weeks seven and twelve. The data are presented as mean values ± SD.

MD group (n = 17)

CD group (n = 17)

p-value*


Vitamin A (RE)

1560 ± 770

1760 ± 930

0.500

Retinol (μg)

672 ± 325

1115 ± 760

0.049

β-carotene (μg)

5000 ± 4190

3550 ± 2620

0.339

Vitamin E (α-TE)

13 ± 4

9 ± 4

0.007

α-tocopherol (mg)

12 ± 3

9 ± 3

0.007

Vitamin C (mg)

157 ± 78

106 ± 76

0.014

Selenium (μg)

56 ± 17

39 ± 15

0.004


*P-values refer to the difference between the MD and CD groups. Differences between groups were analysed by the Students t-test for independent samples, except for retinol, β-carotene and vitamin C which were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test. †retinol equivalents. ‡α-tocopherol equivalents

Hagfors et al. Nutrition Journal 2003 2:5   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-2-5

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