Table 1

Exercise and functional foods.

Physiological functions

A

B

C


Replenishment of water

Isotonic drinks

Hypotonic drinks

Glycerol

Improvement of endurance

High-carbohydrate

Citric acid

Arginine

Caffeine

Carnitine

Capsaicine

Enhancement of muscle strength

Protein

BCAA

Creatine

β-HMB

Glutamine

Arginine

Prevention of muscle/joint injuries or fatigue

High-carbohydrate

Citric acid

Vitamins C and E

Carotenoids, Flavonoids

Carnosine, Anserine

Glucosamine

Chondroitin

Prevention of a decrease in immunocompetence

Carbohydrate

Vitamins C and E

Glutamine


A: The factors in this group has been shown adequate scientific evidence.

B: The factors in this group has been shown suggestive evidence.

C: The factors in this group has been shown no evidence while possible to effective.

Aoi et al. Nutrition Journal 2006 5:15   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-15

Open Data