Table 2

Summary of randomized, controlled trials on the impact of nutritional interventions on infections in hospitalized patients

Intervention

Effect

Reference


Preoperative TPN

Increased infection incidence

40

Early vs late enteral nutrition

Decreased rate of infection in trauma and surgical patients

41,44,45,47

Early vs late enteral nutrition

No effect on infection incidence in stroke patients

48

Early vs late enteral nutrition

Increased infection rate in intubated patients in medical ICU

49

TPN vs enteral nutrition

Increased rate of infections

57–60

Immunologic feedings

No effect on infection incidence

70–72

Glutamine supplementation

Decreased infection incidence

75–78


Donabedian Nutrition Journal 2006 5:21   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-21

Open Data