Table 2

Incremental and/or total area under the curve for serum glucose, free-fatty acids, insulin and plasma glucagon after experimental meals.

Large meal

Small meal

High GI*

Low GI

High GI

Low GI


tAUC FFA (mmol·l-1 ·2 h-1)

33 (29–35)

30 (25–35)

34 (31–41)

37 (30–43)

tAUC FFA (mmol·l-1 ·5 h-1)

63 (56–68)a

63 (59–84)a

104 (102–109)b

91 (80–100)b

iAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·2 h-1)

267 (184–338)a

149 (111–172)b

187 (74–207)b

91 (69–159)b

iAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·5 h-1)

373 (246–523)a

215 (176–264)b

202 (109–295)b

137 (87–214)b

tAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·2 h-1)

866 (771–1000)a

743 (720–784)b

785 (100–815)b

698 (660–745)b

tAUC Glucose (mmol· l-1 ·5 h-1)

1871 (1755–2042)a

1705 (1654–1787)b

1613 (1577–1770)b

1599 (1540–1653)b

iAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·2 h-1)

84 (54–95)a

38 (35–50)b

46 (40–55)b

22 (13–28)c

iAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·5 h-1)

139 (96–178)a

69 (57–93)b

59 (50–74)c

30 (17–37)d

tAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·2 h-1)

97 (67–109)a

50 (44–62)b

59 (48–69)b

34 (30–47)c

tAUC Insulin (nmol· l-1 ·5 h-1)

166 (129–213)a

98 (81–136)b

87 (79–102)b

58 (52–74)c

tAUC Glucagon (μg· l-1 ·2 h-1)

1309 (1100–1424)

1547 (1334–1673)

1452 (1279–1499)

1443 (1189–1686)

tAUC Glucagon (μg· l-1 ·5 h-1)

3234 (2955–3711)

3677 (3312–4439)

3752 (3141–3885)

3998 (3049–4255)


Median and interquartile range. * Glycemic index. Statistical differences using Friedman's test and two-tailed Wilcoxon ranked post hoc test. Medians with different superscript letters in each row are significantly different (p < 0.05).

Galgani et al. Nutrition Journal 2006 5:22   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-22

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