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Renal lithiasis and nutrition

Felix Grases*, Antonia Costa-Bauza and Rafel M Prieto

  • * Corresponding author: Felix Grases fgrases@uib.es

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

Laboratory of Renal Lithiasis Research, Universitary Institute of Health Sciences Research (IUNICS), University of Balearic Islands, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain

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Nutrition Journal 2006, 5:23  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-23

Published: 6 September 2006

Abstract

Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified trough diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet. In fact, the change of inappropriate habitual diet patterns should be the main measure to prevent kidney stones. In this paper, the relation between different dietary factors (liquid intake, pH, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, phytate, urate and vitamins) and each type of renal stone (calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary, calcium oxalate monohydrate unattached, calcium oxalate dihydrate, calcium oxalate dihydrate/hydroxyapatite, hydroxyapatite, struvite infectious, brushite, uric acid, calcium oxalate/uric acid and cystine) is discussed.