Table 1

Renal stone classification

Renal stone classification [8]

Percentage (%)


• Calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary

13

• Calcium oxalate monohydrate unattached (formed in renal cavities)

16

• Calcium oxalate dihydrate

34

• Calcium oxalate dihydrate/hydroxyapatite mixed

11

• Hydroxyapatite

7

• Struvite infectious

4

• Brushite

1

• Uric acid

8

• Calcium oxalate/uric acid mixed

3

• Cystine

1


Grases et al. Nutrition Journal 2006 5:23   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-23

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