Table 4

Laboratory data of <60-month-old severely malnourished children categorised by their HIV status and malnutrition type.

HIV-positive children

HIV-negative children

Oedema n = 53 median (IQR)

No oedema n = 70 median (IQR)

Oedema n = 119 median (IQR)

No oedema n = 73 median (IQR)


Haemoglobin (g/dL)

8.2 (6.4–9.6)

7.3 (6–9.1)

8.0 (6.1–9.3)

8.4 (6.7–9.8)

White blood cells (109/L)

11.0 (8.3–17)

7.2 (4.2–12)

10.0 (7.7–17)

11.0 (8.8–15)

Neutrophils (109/L)

6.2 (3.1–8.5)*

2.9 (2.3–7.7)

5.4 (3.5–8.8)

6.1 (3.2–9.0)

Neutrophils (%)

59.0 (34–70)

61.0 (37–73)

55.0 (48–66)

53.0 (38–63)

Monocytes (109/L)

667.0 (182–1246)*

153.0 (83–263)

217.0 (107–540)

412.0 (176–534)

Monocytes (%)

5.7 (2–10)*

2.0 (1.0–2.8)

2.0 (1–5)

3.5 (2–6.5)

Total lymphocytes (109/L)

3.3 (2.4–6.3)

2.5 (1.7–4.1)*

4.5 (2.6–7.2)

4.4 (3.6–5.7)

Lymphocytes (%)

39.0 (23–57)

36.0 (26–50)

39.0 (31–49)

42.0 (32–55)

CD4+ cell counts

630.0 (305–1759)***

379.0 (123–713)

1354 (894–1914)***

1169 (682–1600)

CD4+ cells (%)

20.0 (14–42)***

14.0 (5–25)

35.0 (29–44)***

27.0 (22–37)

CD8+ cell counts

1046 (521–1896)

811.0 (462–1363)

822.0 (492–1367)**

595 (328–1054)

CD8+ cells (%)

23.0 (20–39)*

41.0 (27–56)

15.0 (12–21)

16.0 (13–21)

CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio

0.9 (0.4–1.6)***

0.4 (0.1–0.9)

2.2 (1.6–3.0)

1.9 (1.2–2.8)


*p value < 0.05, **p value < 0.005, and ***p value < 0.001, comparing each HIV status group with the type of severe malnutrition.

Bachou et al. Nutrition Journal 2006 5:27   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-27

Open Data